Response Time and Heart Rate in a Moral Dilemma

Oyediran, Olusegun A.
Rivas, M. Fernanda
Is altruism the intuitive behavior in a moral dilemma? Or is selfishness the spontaneous behavior? To answer this question, a dictator game was played in which measures of response time and heart rates were taken with treatments that slightly differ only in the cost associated with the choice of a selfish responding. We find that neither altruism nor egoism is an intuitive process for everyone; rather, altruism is intuitive for altruistic subjects while egoism is intuitive for selfish subjects so that when these subjects are confronted with the choice of the opposite, less probable options, they become more reflective by taking longer time to respond. Lastly, during the decision period, a subject that is altruistic has a higher probability of experiencing an increase in the mean heart rate than a subject that is selfish.


The influence of nationality and gender on ethical sensitivity: An application of the issue-contingent model
Simga-Mugan, C; Daly, BA; Onkal, D; Kavut, L (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2005-03-01)
When a member of an organization has to make a decision or act in a way that may benefit some stakeholders at the expense of others, ethical dilemmas may arise. This paper examines ethical sensitivity regarding the duties to clients and owners (principals), employees (agents), and responsibilities to society (third parties). Within this framework, ethical perceptions of male and female managers are compared between the U.S. and Turkey - two countries that differ on power distance as well as the individualis...
To afford or not to afford: A new formalization of affordances toward affordance-based robot control
Şahin, Erol; Dogar, Mehmet R.; UĞUR, Emre; Üçoluk, Göktürk (SAGE Publications, 2007-01-01)
The concept of affordances was introduced by J. J. Gibson to explain how inherent "values" and "meanings" of things in the environment can be directly perceived and how this information can be linked to the action possibilities offered to the organism by the environment. Although introduced in psychology, the concept influenced studies in other fields ranging from human-computer interaction to autonomous robotics. In this article, we first introduce the concept of affordances as conceived by J. J. Gibson an...
The Use of the concept of intrinsic value in anthropocentric and non-anthropocentric approaches in environmental ethics: a metaethical investigation
Aydın Bayram, Selma; Ceylan, Yasin; Department of Philosophy (2016)
The concept of intrinsic value is one of the most disputed concepts of ethics, and in particular, environmental ethics. The traditional approaches towards nature are anthropocentric, attributing intrinsic value merely to human beings. Nowadays, environmental philosophers mostly try to distance themselves from anthropocentric attitudes, and they introduce ethical reasons, which do not consider nature merely instrumentally valuable. In general, environmental ethicists are prone to appeal to the concept of ‘in...
A different approach to evolutionary ethics: from biology to society
Aydın, Aysun; Sol, Ayhan; Department of Philosophy (2008)
In this thesis I analyze the evolutionary ethics and propose a new perspective that develops on the notion of altruism. The view of evolutionary ethics, especially the sociobiological account, has some problems. The most important philosophical problem is the “is-ought” problem which refers to the question as to whether moral propositions can be inferred from factual statements. In order to overcome this problem I suggest a different reading of the notion of altruism namely “altruistic behavior practice” th...
Hints of beauty in social cognition: Broken symmetries in mental dynamics
Bolender, John (Elsevier BV, 2008-03-01)
It is a widely held assumption that social cognition is wholly the result of natural selection and learning, debates arising over how much was naturally selected versus how much is learned. I argue here, however, for there being a third factor, namely physics, specifically symmetries and symmetry breakings in neural dynamics. These symmetries manifest themselves in social judgments in a fairly direct way as descending chains of subgroup types in mental social schemata. These schemata are the four models of ...
Citation Formats
O. A. Oyediran and M. F. Rivas, “Response Time and Heart Rate in a Moral Dilemma,” JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE PSYCHOLOGY AND ECONOMICS, pp. 42–58, 2017, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: