A different approach to evolutionary ethics: from biology to society

Aydın, Aysun
In this thesis I analyze the evolutionary ethics and propose a new perspective that develops on the notion of altruism. The view of evolutionary ethics, especially the sociobiological account, has some problems. The most important philosophical problem is the “is-ought” problem which refers to the question as to whether moral propositions can be inferred from factual statements. In order to overcome this problem I suggest a different reading of the notion of altruism namely “altruistic behavior practice” that refers to norms, habits and repeated actions that provide the sustainability of society. The notion of altruistic behavior practice is presented and evaluated with the help of Alasdair MacIntyre’s and John Dewey’s moral philosophy. The moral views of these two philosophers are based on human practices and habitual formations in society. In this respect, evolutionary ethics and the notion of altruism are re-established on the basis of human practices and habitual modes of socialization.


A research on the possibility of distinguishing kitsch and art using philosophical hermeneutics
Kaya, Devrim; Ergüden, Akın; Department of Philosophy (2004)
This thesis tries to distinguish kitsch and art with the help of philosophical hermeneutics by reading it in the light of Derrida̕s interpretation of Hamlet in Specters of Marx. It defines kitsch as experience in order to go beyond both of the two main approaches, namely, the one that sees kitsch as an object and the one that reduces it to the behaviour of the subject. It tries to show that kitsch is not just an aesthetic problem, but also, a political one.
Ousia and tragedy an ontological approach to Aristotle's Poetics
Aytemiz, Volkan; İnam, Ahmet; Department of Philosophy (2004)
The main idea of this thesis is to suggest a new type of reading on Aristotle's Poetics. Commentators of Poetics tried to relate it to Aristotle's ethical treatises. However, in this research, it will be argued that Poetics should be read under the light of Metaphysics. The interpretation proposed here is based on Aristotle's understanding of ousia (substance). The ontological status of artifacts in Aristotle's philosophy will be examined while inquiring the relationships between Poetics and Metaphysics. Co...
Sources of the exoticism in the architecture on Louis Sullivan : the primitive, the oriental, the natural
Köse, Selçuk; Peker, Ali Uzay; Department of Architecture (2004)
The aim of this study is to demonstrate the idea of Exoticism and its effect on nineteenth century architectural tendencies and especially on the philosophy and the works of Louis Sullivan (1856-1924). The study begins with an elucidation of the concept أexoticism.ؤ After the thoughts of a group of nineteenth century European intellectuals are discussed, the philosophy of Sullivan is analyzed. Following chapters are dedicated to the works of Sullivan. Exotic world was the source of a stimulating discourse f...
Hegel and Danto: the end-of-art thesis
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The purpose of this study is to provide an independent view of one’s own on the issue of the end of art. In order to achieve this goal, this work focuses on Hegel’s announcement of the end of art and its effects on the Arthur Danto’s philosophy.
The Relation between ethics and aesthetics in philosophy of Mikhail Bakhtin
Babur, Hazal; Turan, Şeref Halil; Parkan, Barış; Department of Philosophy (2018)
My main aim in this thesis is to reveal the relation between the author and the hero which is quite similar to the relation and the dichotomy between the “I” and “the other” in Mikhail Bakhtin’s philosophy. I will extend my analysis in the ethical relation of author-hero to propose a world view that it is built upon love and sympathy. Finally, I will question ethics in literary genres by focusing on the relationship between the author and the hero. This thesis is devoted to a careful analysis of Bakhtin’s l...
Citation Formats
A. Aydın, “A different approach to evolutionary ethics: from biology to society,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2008.