Buildings Subjected to Recurring Earthquakes: A Tale of Three Cities

Bayhan, Beyhan
Gulkan, Polat
Three different buildings built according to the same design have experienced three different near-field strong ground motions over a period of 11 years in three different cities in Turkey. The input motion was known for each because strong-motion sensors were located adjacent or close to the buildings. We examine the performance of the five-story, reinforced concrete-frame buildings. Bidirectional nonlinear time history and nonlinear static analyses on 3-D analytical models are performed. The principal focus is to assess whether the analytical model of the buildings could indicate column-beam damage consistent with that observed at the sites after the earthquakes. Results illustrate that nonlinear time history analyses are capable of indicating the occurrence of shear failure in captive columns; however, they overestimate the global damage. The overestimation is greater where the building sustained a pulse-type motion without significant distress. It appears that difference between visual observations and analytical results persists. [DOI: 10.1193/1.3607987]


Forced Vibration Testing and Finite Element Modeling of a Nine-Story Reinforced Concrete Flat Plate-Wall Building
Çelik, Ozan Cem; Sucuoğlu, Haluk; Akyüz, Uğurhan (SAGE Publications, 2015-05-01)
Tunnel form buildings, owing to their higher construction speed and quality, lower cost, and superior earthquake resistance over that of conventional reinforced concrete buildings, have been widely used for mass housing, urban renewal, and post-earthquake reconstruction projects all over the world as well as in Turkey. However, there have been few dynamic tests performed on existing buildings with this structural system. This study investigates the dynamic structural properties of a typical nine-story reinf...
Displacement-based fragility functions for low- and mid-rise ordinary concrete buildings
Akkar, S; Sucuoğlu, Haluk; Yakut, Ahmet (SAGE Publications, 2005-11-01)
Fragility functions are determined for low- and mid-rise ordinary concrete buildings, which constitute the most vulnerable construction type in Turkey as well as several other countries prone to earthquakes. A hybrid approach is employed where building capacities are obtained from field data and their dynamic responses are calculated by response history analyses. Field data consists of 32 sample buildings representing the general characteristics of two-to five-story substandard reinforced concrete buildings...
Empirical attenuation equations for vertical ground motion in Turkey
Kalkan, E; Gulkan, P (SAGE Publications, 2004-08-01)
In the aftermath of two destructive urban earthquakes in 1999 in Turkey, empirical models of strong motion attenuation relationships that have been previously developed for North American and European earthquakes have been utilized in a number of national seismic hazard studies.. However, comparison of empirical evidence and estimates present significant differences. For that reason, a data set created from a suite of 100 vertical strong ground motion records from 47 national earthquakes that occurred betwe...
Seismic Resistance Evaluation of Traditional Ottoman Timber-Frame Himis Houses: Frame Loadings and Material Tests
Aktas, Yasemin Didem; Akyüz, Uğurhan; Türer, Ahmet; Erdil, Barış; Şahin Güçhan, Neriman (SAGE Publications, 2014-11-01)
Traditional Ottoman timber-frame houses ("himis") form the major part of the cultural heritage structures in Turkey. There are many studies in the literature regarding the seismic performance of himis houses, which claim that these structures have an inherent seismically resistant property. However, these studies lack a quantitative engineering approach and are based on observations made after contemporary earthquakes. This study presents the results of the seismic resistance evaluation of traditional Ottom...
Seismic behavior of autoclaved aerated concrete low rise buildings with reinforced wall panels
Gökmen, Furkan; Binici, Barış; Canbay, Erdem (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2019-07-01)
Reinforced Autoclaved Aerated Concrete (AAC) wall panels are more commonly used to construct load-bearing walls in low-rise prefabricated buildings located in seismic zones. In the scope of this study, the seismic response of buildings constructed with reinforced AAC wall panels was investigated. To this end, an in situ test was conducted on a two-story test building under reversed cyclic displacement excursions. It was determined that the test building could carry a lateral load of 60% more than its weight...
Citation Formats
B. Bayhan and P. Gulkan, “Buildings Subjected to Recurring Earthquakes: A Tale of Three Cities,” EARTHQUAKE SPECTRA, pp. 635–659, 2011, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: