Experimental investigation of CO tolerance in high temperature PEM fuel cells

Albostan, Ayhan
Devrim, Huseyin
In the present work, the effect of operating a high temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cell (HT-PEMFC) with different reactant gases has been investigated throughout performance tests. Also, the effects of temperature on the performance of a HT-PEMFC were analyzed at varying temperatures, ranging from 140 degrees C to 200 degrees C. Increasing the operating temperature of the cell increases the performance of the HT-PEMFC. The optimum operating temperature was determined to be 160 degrees C due to the deformations occurring in the cell components at high working temperatures. To investigate the effects of CO on the performance of HT-PEMFC, the CO concentration ranged from 1 to 5 vol %. The current density at 0.6 V decreases from 0.33 A/cm(2) for H-2 to 0.31 A/cm(2) for H-2 containing 1 vol % CO, to 0.29 A/cm(2) for 3 vol % CO, and 0.25 A/cm(2) for 5 vol % CO, respectively. The experimental results show that the presence of 25 vol % CO2 or N-2 has only a dilution effect and therefore, there is a minor impact on the HT-PEMFC performance. However, the addition of CO to H-2/N-2 or H-2/CO2 mixtures increased the performance loss. After longterm performance test for 500 h, the observed voltage drop at constant current density was obtained as similar to 14.8% for H-2/CO2/CO (75/22/3) mixture. The overall results suggest that the anode side gas mixture with up to 5 vol % CO can be supplied to the HT-PEMFC stack directly from the reformer. (C) 2018 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Citation Formats
Y. DEVRİM, A. Albostan, and H. Devrim, “Experimental investigation of CO tolerance in high temperature PEM fuel cells,” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, vol. 43, no. 40, pp. 18672–18681, 2018, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/66288.