Profiles of fungal metabolites including regulated mycotoxins in individual dried Turkish figs by LC-MS/MS

2020-11-01
Sulyok, Michael
Krska, Rudolf
Senyuva, Hamide
Fungal metabolites including regulated mycotoxins were identified by a validated LC-MS/MS method in 180 individual Turkish dried figs from 2017 and 2018 harvests. Hand-selected dried figs were subjectively classified based on the extent of fluorescence. Forty-three fungal metabolites including eight EU-regulated mycotoxins were identified and quantified. Figs classified as being uncontaminated mostly did not contain aflatoxins above 1 mu g/kg. Despite being "uncontaminated" from an aflatoxin perspective, kojic acid was present in significant quantities with a maximum level of 3750 mg/kg (0.375% w/w) and tenuazonic acid was also found (2 mu g/kg to 298 mg/kg) in some figs. Notable in the screening of figs has been the presence of significant amounts of aflatoxin M-1(AFM1) in figs also containing significant levels of aflatoxin B-1(AFB1), which is the first time that AFM1 has been reported as naturally occurring in dried figs.

Citation Formats
M. Sulyok, R. Krska, and H. Senyuva, “Profiles of fungal metabolites including regulated mycotoxins in individual dried Turkish figs by LC-MS/MS,” MYCOTOXIN RESEARCH, vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 381–387, 2020, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/66584.