Functional analysis of a mirna putatively involved in powdery mildew disease susceptibility in barley

Download
2009
Dağdaş, Gülay
Barley is one of the most important crop species in Turkey and powdery mildew is one of the most common pathogen decreasing yield in barley. For this problem, agricultural biologists apply breeding technologies in order to select and propagate resistant barley cultivars. However, this is not a permanent solution since pathogens evolve rapidly to overcome plant resistance mechanisms. On the other hand, molecular plant pathologists are trying to understand basic mechanisms underlying plant-pathogen interactions by using molecular tools in order to develop long term solutions for preventing yield loss. In this thesis, miR159 mediated regulation of barley GAMyb transcription factor is studied. According to microRNA microarray results regarding to infection with powdery mildew pathogen Blumeria graminis f.spp hordei (Bgh) at different time points, miR159 expression level showed significant differences. Bioinformatics analysis revealed that miRNA159 targets GAMyb gene in barley. In order to investigate this relationsh‟p, both miRNA and miRNA target were cloned into GFP containing expression vectors through Gateway cloning and resulting vectors were transformed into Nicotiana benthamiana through Agrobacterium mediated gene transfer. Observations based on GFP expression showed that miRNA159 targets and decreases the expression of GAMyb in vivo. v To conclude, this study can be evaluated as a distinctive study for two aspects; (i) it is the first study assessing a “putative” barley miRNA function biologically and (ii) developed a practical and effective functional assay for miRNA studies in plants.

Suggestions

Genetic screening of Turkish wheat varieties for the durable resistance gene, Lr34
Boylu, Barış; Akkaya, Mahinur S.; Hakkı, Erdoğan Eşref; Department of Biotechnology (2011)
Wheat diseases such as rusts and powdery mildews are among the most important and ancient diseases that affect wheat cultivation worldwide. The pathogen race specific resistance genes cannot maintain long lasting resistance. On the other hand, the presence of genes confers the non-race specific resistance last much longer. The durable resistance phenotypes in wheat against various rust and powdery mildew diseases were reported as Lr34, Yr18, and Pm38 separately; nevertheless, they were known to locate very ...
Growth of agriculturally important Pseudomonas spp. and Azotobacter Chroococcum on beer waste and observation of their survival in peat
Abat, Benek; Hamamcı, Haluk; Department of Food Engineering (2006)
In this study agriculturally important Pseudomonas spp. which may solubilize phosphate and Azotobacter chroococcum which can fix atmospheric nitrogen were grown on waste beer with 4 different concentrations and conditions for best growth were determined. Having potential of use as biofertilizers, they were put in the carrier material peat and survivals of them were observed for 3 months at three different temperatures. Biofertilizer can be defined as a substance which contains living microorganisms which, w...
Distillers' dried grains with solubles (DDGS) and its potential as fermentation feedstock
Iram, Attia; Çekmecelioğlu, Deniz; Demirci, Ali (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2020-07-01)
Distillers' dried grain with solubles (DDGS) is a byproduct of bioethanol fermentation, which uses the dry milling technology for starch-rich grains such as corn, wheat, and barley. The current interest in bioethanol is increasing due to the need for renewable liquid fuels specifically in the transportation sector. Since DDGS is rich in crude protein, fat, fiber, vitamins, and minerals, it is currently used as aquaculture, livestock, and poultry feeds. In recent years, DDGS has been used as feedstock in the...
Kinetic analyses of the effects of temperature and light intensity on growth, hydrogenm production and organic acid utilization by rhodobacter capsulatus
Sevinç, Pelin; Gündüz, Ufuk; Department of Biotechnology (2010)
Effects of temperature and light intensity on photofermentative hydrogen production by Rhodobacter capsulatus DSM1710 by use of acetic and lactic acids as substrates were studied. Experiments were conducted at 20, 30 and 38oC incubator temperatures under light intensities in the 1500 – 7000 lux range. pH of the medium and quantity of hydrogen forming together with quantity of biomass, and concentrations of acetic, lactic, formic, butyric and propionic acids in the medium were determined periodically. Growth...
Production of neutral and alkaline extracellular proteases by the thermophilic fungus, Scytalidium thermophilum, grown on microcrystalline cellulose
Ifrij, IH; Ögel, Zümrüt Begüm (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2002-07-01)
Extracellular proteases produced by Scytalidium thermophilum, grown on microcrystalline cellulose, were most active at pH 6.5-8 and 37-45 degreesC when incubated for 60 min. Highest protease activity was at day 3 where endoglucanase activity was low. Protease activity measurements with and without the protease inhibitors, p-chloromercuribenzoate, PMSF, antipain, E-64, EDTA and pepstatin A, suggest production of thiol-containing serine protease and serine proteases. Endoglucanase and Avicel-adsorbable endogl...
Citation Formats
G. Dağdaş, “Functional analysis of a mirna putatively involved in powdery mildew disease susceptibility in barley,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2009.