Academic attributional style, self-efficacy and gender: A cross-cultural comparison

Metin, Irem
The relationships between academic attributional style (AAS), self-efficacy, gender and culture were investigated in this study. Three research questions "Is AAS influenced by self-efficacy, gender and culture?", "Does AAS operate in the same way in two different cultures?", and "How do AAS dimensions (internality, stability, globality) vary?" were examined with a sample of 261 university students studying in Turkey and Britain. Regression results showed that gender and culture were separately significant predictors of pessimistic AAS. However, self-efficacy did not add significantly to the prediction of AAS. Regarding AAS dimensions, MANOVA revealed a significant main effect of culture, suggesting that British students have more pessimistic attributional styles characterized by the internality dimension in explanations of negative events. Suggestions for future studies are discussed.


Chronic Procrastination Among Turkish Adults: Exploring Decisional, Avoidant, and Arousal Styles
Ferrari, Joseph R.; Ozer, Bilge Uzun; Demir, Ayhan Gürbüz (Informa UK Limited, 2009-01-01)
The authors examined the prevalence of chronic procrastination (decisional, avoidant, and arousal styles) as functions of demographic variables among 354 Turkish adults (148 men, 206 women; M age = 38.7 years, SD = 8.26 years). Prevalence analyses showed that among Turkish participants, 17.5% were indecisive procrastinators, 13.8% were avoidant procrastinators, and 14.7% were arousal procrastinators. Results did not yield significant differences for gender or age on any forms of procrastination, which is co...
Future Time Orientation in Romantic Relationships and the minding theory of relating
Öner Özkan, Bengi (Scientific Journal Publishers Ltd, 2004-01-01)
The aim of this study was to explore the differences between high and low scorers of Future Time Orientation in Romantic Relationships (FTORR) on the three subscales of the minding scale, namely Acceptance, Knowledge, and Attribution. Undergraduate students (N = 160) from Middle East Technical University were given the FTORR scale developed by Oner (2000b) together with the Minding Scale developed by Omarzu, Whalen and Harvey (2001). Results indicated an interaction effect between subscales of the minding s...
Individual differences in statistics anxiety among college students
Baloğlu, Mustafa (Elsevier BV, 2003-04-01)
The present study investigated differences in statistics anxiety levels based on students' gender and age. Using the statistics anxiety scores of 246 college students, a 2 x 3 between-subjects factorial multivariate analysis of covariance was performed on the six dependent variables (worth of statistics, interpretation anxiety, test and class anxiety, computational self-concept, fear of asking for help, and fear of statistics teachers) that were hypothesized to be six dimensions of statistics anxiety. Indep...
HORTACSU, N; ORAL, A (Informa UK Limited, 1994-04-01)
In this study, differences between individuals involved in couple- and family-initiated marriages were investigated with respect to educational background, relationship duration, context and nature of interactions with partner, degree of perceived disclosure, and ratings of different reasons for marriage. Questionnaires were administered to a sample of Turkish men and women who applied for a marriage license for their first marriage. The results revealed differences between individuals involved in the two k...
Direct and indirect effects of social support on psychological well-being
Gençöz, Tülin (Scientific Journal Publishers Ltd, 2004-01-01)
The aim of this study was to investigate the direct and indirect effects of social support on psychological well-being. Social support was evaluated under two different categories which were named as Aid-Related and Appreciation-Related Social Support. The first category was more related to potential for receiving help from others when needed, and being cared for by others, while the latter category was more related to being recognized by others as an efficient source of help and reassurance of worth. Under...
Citation Formats
S. METİN CAMGÖZ, Ö. ÖZKAN TEKTAŞ, and I. Metin, “Academic attributional style, self-efficacy and gender: A cross-cultural comparison,” SOCIAL BEHAVIOR AND PERSONALITY, pp. 97–114, 2008, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: