"Quitting like a Turk:" How political priority developed for tobacco control in Turkey

2016-09-01
Hoe, Connie
Rodriguez, Daniela C.
Uzumcuoglu, Yesim
Hyder, Adnan A.
In recent years, tobacco control emerged as a political priority in Turkey and today the country is widely regarded as one of the global leaders in tackling tobacco use. Although political priority is considered a facilitating factor to the success of addressing public health issues, there is a paucity of research to help us understand how it is developed in middle-income countries. The primary aim of this study is to understand the process and determinants of how tobacco control became a political priority in Turkey using the Multiple Streams Framework. A mixed-methods case study approach was used whereby data were gathered from three different sources: in-depth interviews (N = 19), document reviews (N = 216), and online self-administered surveys (N = 61). Qualitative data were collected for the purpose of understanding the processes and determinants that led to political prioritization of tobacco control and were analyzed using deductive and inductive coding. Quantitative data were collected to examine the actors and were analyzed using descriptive statistics and network nominations. Data were triangulated. Findings revealed that tobacco control achieved political priority in Turkey as a result of the development and convergence of multiple streams, including a fourth, separate global stream. Findings also shed light on the importance of Turkey's foreign policy in the transformation of the political stream. The country's desire for European Union accession and global visibility helped generate a political environment that was receptive to global norms for tobacco control. A diverse but cohesive network of actors joined forces with global allies to capitalize on this opportunity. Results suggest (1) the importance of global-agenda setting activities on political priority development, (2) the utility of aligning public health and foreign policy goals and (3) the need to build a strong global incentive structure to help entice governments to take action on public health issues.
SOCIAL SCIENCE & MEDICINE

Suggestions

Understanding political priority development for public health issues in Turkey: lessons from tobacco control and road safety
Hoe, Connie; Rodriguez, Daniela C.; Uzumcuoglu, Yesim; Hyder, Adnan A. (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2019-02-06)
Tobacco use and road traffic injuries are major public health problems in Turkey. During the last decade, the former issue received political priority in the country, while the latter did not despite the immense health and economic burden that road traffic injuries pose on the Turkish population. Political priority can facilitate the attainment of public health goals. Unfortunately, however, limited cross-case analyses exist to help us understand why it emerges for certain public health issues but fails to ...
An Analysis of immigrant education policies in Turkey
Seçgin, Nilay; Yavuz, Nilay; Department of Political Science and Public Administration (2019)
In Turkey, privatization policy has been transferred as a result of the influences of global forces and international actors. This thesis analyzes the process of policy transfer in privatization of Turk Telecom in a historical context. The aim is to analyze the national structural factors that facilitate or constrain policy transfer in privatization of telecommunications sector in Turkey and to examine the factors that policy transfer leads to success or failure in privatization of Turk Telecom.
Determination of morphine and total phenolic content in poppy seed of Turkish origin
Gevenkiriş, Ali; Çoruh, Nursen; Department of Chemistry (2011)
Turkey is important major licid opium poppy (Papaver Somniferum) producer for medicinal and scientific purposes in the world and one of the two traditional producer country. The poppy seeds which are unique part of the opium poppy are used for food purpose. About 25.000 ton/year poppy seeds were produced for food purpose. Recent years morphine content of commercially available poppy seeds were speculated. Some studies have been reported that poppy seeds from different origins contain a wide variation of mor...
Public private partnerships in nutrition education: policy and evidence from Turkey and the European Union
Vatansever, Selin; Aslan Akman, Canan; Department of European Studies (2020)
Health promotion and nutrition policies gained increased prevalence in public health as a result of the neoliberal transformation in both the EU countries and in Turkey over the last three decades. To better understand the nature and implications of these transformations in public health, this thesis focussed on the development of public private partnerships (PPPs) in the implementation of nutrition policies in the EU member states and Turkey. The research found that PPPs were widely used to implement nutri...
Comparison of acid and enzymatic hydrolysis of tobacco stalk xylan for preparation of xylooligosaccharides
AKPINAR, ÖZLEM; Erdogan, Kader; Bakir, Ufuk; Yılmaz, Levent (2010-01-01)
Tobacco stalk (TS), a major agricultural waste in the Black Sea region of Turkey, was used for the production of xylooligosaccharides (XOs). It contains about 22 g/100 g xylan whose composition was determined as 93.5 g/100 g xylose, 6.54 g/100 g glucose and 11.2 g/100 g uronic acid after complete acid hydrolysis. XO production was performed by enzymatic and acid hydrolysis of xylan which was obtained by alkali extraction from tobacco stalk. In enzyme hydrolysis, xylan was hydrolyzed using a xylanase prepara...
Citation Formats
C. Hoe, D. C. Rodriguez, Y. Uzumcuoglu, and A. A. Hyder, ““Quitting like a Turk:” How political priority developed for tobacco control in Turkey,” SOCIAL SCIENCE & MEDICINE, pp. 36–45, 2016, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/67482.