Effects of musical training and culture on meter perception

Yates, Charles M.
Justus, Timothy
Mert, Nazike
Trehub, Sandra E.
Western music is characterized primarily by simple meters, but a number of other musical cultures, including Turkish, have both simple and complex meters. In Experiment 1, Turkish and American adults with and without musical training were asked to detect metrical changes in Turkish music with simple and complex meter. Musicians performed significantly better than nonmusicians, and performance was significantly better on simple meter than on complex meter, but Turkish listeners performed no differently than American listeners. In Experiment 2, members of Turkish classical and folk music clubs who were tested on the same materials exhibited comparable sensitivity to simple and complex meters, unlike the American and Turkish listeners in Experiment 1. Together, the findings reveal important effects of musical training and culture on meter perception: trained musicians are generally more sensitive than nonmusicians, regardless of metrical complexity, but sensitivity to complex meter requires sufficient exposure to musical genres featuring such meters.


Effects of melodic accents on perception of intensity
Tekman, HG (University of California Press, 1998-06-01)
Melodically accented tones are perceived as having higher intensity. Subjects judged whether or not all of the tones in a sequence were of equal intensity. Melodic accents were created by pitch skips, and the intensity of the tones that followed the skips was manipulated. Introduction of the melodic accents reduced detection of lower intensity tones more than it reduced the detection of higher intensity tones. This effect did not change as a result of regular or irregular timing of the tones whose intensity...
Weighing Diverse Theoretical Models on Turkish Maqam Music Against Pitch Measurements: A Comparison of Peaks Automatically Derived from Frequency Histograms with Proposed Scale Tones
Bozkurt, Baris; Yarman, Ozan; Karaosmanoglu, M. Kemal; Akkoc, Can (Informa UK Limited, 2009-01-01)
Since the early 20th century, various theories have been advanced in order to mathematically explain and notate modes of Traditional Turkish music known as maqams. In this article, maqam scales according to various theoretical models based on different tunings are compared with pitch measurements obtained from select recordings of master Turkish performers in order to study their level of match with analysed data. Chosen recordings are subjected to a fully computerized sequence of signal processing algorith...
A study on identifying makams with a modified boltzmann machine
Taşkın, Kemal; Tekman, Hasan Gürkan; Department of Cognitive Sciences (2005)
Makams are well-defined modes of classical Turkish music. They can be taken as the Turkish music counterparts of Western music tonal structures at a certain level. Nevertheless, makams have additional features such as the usage of specific notes resulting from their different architecture and the special use of scales (i.e. progression). The main goal of this study is to construct a platform for identifying makams through a computer program by proposing a machine learning mechanism. There are restrictionson...
The role of non-diatonic chords in perception of harmony
Atalay, Nart Bedin; Tekman, Hasan Gürkan; Department of Cognitive Sciences (2007)
The perceptual reality of the music theoretical relation between the Neapolitan chord and the dominant; and the secondary dominant chord and its diatonic associate was investigated within the chord priming paradigm. In Experiment 1, expectation towards the dominant chord after the Neapolitan chord was observed in Turkish musicians and non-musicians with piano timbre. In Experiment 2, expectation towards the dominant chord after the Neapolitan chord was observed in European musicians but not in European non-...
On the pursuit of a nation: The construction of folk and folk music in the founding decades of the Turkish Republic
Degirmenci, Koray (2006-06-01)
This paper largely investigates the dynamics of cultural policy in the founding years of the Turkish Republic (1923-1940s) by looking at a particular cultural form, Turkish folk music. The reconstruction of Turkish folk music and the development of the term 'folk' reflect certain cultural and political aspects of the formation of the nation-state and of Turkish nationalism. The paper also attempts to understand the inspirational sources of the founding cadres' cultural policy by looking at the genealogy of ...
Citation Formats
C. M. Yates, T. Justus, N. B. ATALAY, N. Mert, and S. E. Trehub, “Effects of musical training and culture on meter perception,” PSYCHOLOGY OF MUSIC, pp. 231–245, 2017, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/67970.