Side-chain functionalization of polystyrene with maleic anhydride in the presence of Lewis acids

Kurbanova, RA
Mirzaoglu, R
Akovali, G
Rzaev, ZMO
Karatas, I
Okudan, A
Polystyrenes with different molecular weights were chemically modified with maleic anhydride by use of certain cationic catalysts of Lewis acid type (BF3 . OEt(2), AlCl3, TiCl4, ZnCl2, FeCl3, and SnCl4) in chloroform. The effects of molecular weight of polystyrene, as well as type of Lewis acid used, on properties and structure of products were investigated. The interrelation between the molecular weight of polystyrene and content of carboxyl groups in the products was made. A direct relationship between the activity of catalyst used and the number of carboxyl groups was found. For characterization of side-chain functionalized polystyrene, fractional precipitation was applied which yielded carboxyl groups in all fractions. The carboxyl group concentrations were found to be the highest in the case of BF3 . OEt(2). Modified polystyrene samples containing - CO - CH = CH - COOH fragments in side chains are easily crosslinked at 140-150 degrees C and by UV irradiation as proved by IR, DTA, and TGA analyses. Functionalized polymers obtained are characterized by their high thermostability, adhesion, and photosensitivity. (C) 1996 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.


Chain-extended bismaleimides .1. A study of chain-extended bismaleimides as matrix elements in carbon fiber composites
Yerlikaya, Z; Erinc, NK; Oktem, Z; Bayramlı, Erdal (Wiley, 1996-01-18)
A series of chain-extended bismaleimide resins as matrix elements in carbon fibers were cured and characterized in terms of their thermal and thermomechanical properties. The cured resins were stable up to 430 degrees C and EDABMI/MDA has the highest T-g value and the lowest loss modulus value. To understand the compatibility and the degree of adhesion between the resin and the fiber, their surface properties were determined in terms of the surface energy component and single-fiber pull-out tests. The surfa...
Kinetic study of the reaction between hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene and isophorone diisocyanate in bulk by quantitative FTIR spectroscopy
Kincal, D; Özkar, Saim (Wiley, 1997-12-05)
A kinetic study of the reaction between a hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene (HTPB) and isophorone diisocyanate (IPDI) was carried out in the bulk state by using quantitative Fourier transform infrared(FTIR) spectroscopy. The reaction is shown to obey a second-order rate law, being first order in both the HTPB and IPDI concentrations. The activation parameters obtained from the evaluation of kinetic data are Delta H-double dagger = 41.1 +/- 0.4 kJ mol, Delta S-double dagger = -198 +/- 2 J K-1 mol(-1) and E-a...
Synthesis of N-polyethereal polypyrroles and their application for the preconcentration of rare earth ions
Koksel, Bahar; CİHANER, ATİLLA; Kaya, Murat; Volkan, Mürvet; Önal, Ahmet Muhtar (Wiley, 2008-05-15)
Conducting polymers containing polyether pseudocages (PI, PII, PIII) have been synthesized via chemical oxidation of 1,5-bis(1,1-pyrrole)-3-oxabutane (MI), 1,8-bis(I,I-pyrrole)-3,6-dioxahexane (MII), and 1,11-bis(1,1-pyrrole)-3,6,9-trioxaundecane (MIII) using anhydrous FeCl3 in CHCl3. Because as obtained polymer resins did not give any response toward any cations, they were reduced (undoped) using chemical reducing agents. Tetrabutylammonium hydroxide was found to be more effective in undoping to obtain mor...
X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy study on the photodegradation of copolyester model compounds
Arangdad, Kiarash; Yıldırım, Erol; Detwiler, Andrew; Cleven, Curtis D.; Burk, Christopher; Shamey, Renzo; Pasquinelli, Melissa A.; Freeman, Harold; El-Shafei, Ahmed (Wiley, 2020-07-01)
The photodegradation of irradiated PETG and PCCT model compounds namely Tm-CHDM-Tm and Tm-TMCD-Tm, where Tm refers to the methyl ester of terephthalic acid, CHDM refers to 1, 4-cyclohexanedimethanol, and TMCD refers to tetramethyl-1, 3-cyclobutanediol, was analyzed using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Photodegradation products were characterized based on high resolution O(1s)x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) spectra and the spectra of irradiated model compounds showed a decrease in the relative inte...
Thermal stability and decomposition mechanism of poly(p-acryloyloxybenzoic acid and poly(p-methacryloyloxybenzoic acid) and their graft copolymers with polypropylene, Part II
Cetin, S.; Tincer, T. (Wiley, 2008-04-05)
Thermal stability and decomposition mechanism of poly(p-acryloyloxybenzoic) acid (PABA), p-methacryloyloxybenzoic acid (PMBA), and their graft coproducts of PP were studied by differential scanning calorimetry, direct pyrolysis mass spectrometry, and TG/IR system, combined thermogravimetric analyzer, and FTIR spectrometer. The homopolymers and corresponding grafts were found to be stable in nitrogen atmosphere but started to decompose under atmospheric conditions when heated above 230 degrees C. PABA and PA...
Citation Formats
R. Kurbanova, R. Mirzaoglu, G. Akovali, Z. Rzaev, I. Karatas, and A. Okudan, “Side-chain functionalization of polystyrene with maleic anhydride in the presence of Lewis acids,” JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE, pp. 235–241, 1996, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: