Side-chain functionalization of polystyrene with maleic anhydride in the presence of Lewis acids

Kurbanova, RA
Mirzaoglu, R
Akovali, G
Rzaev, ZMO
Karatas, I
Okudan, A
Polystyrenes with different molecular weights were chemically modified with maleic anhydride by use of certain cationic catalysts of Lewis acid type (BF3 . OEt(2), AlCl3, TiCl4, ZnCl2, FeCl3, and SnCl4) in chloroform. The effects of molecular weight of polystyrene, as well as type of Lewis acid used, on properties and structure of products were investigated. The interrelation between the molecular weight of polystyrene and content of carboxyl groups in the products was made. A direct relationship between the activity of catalyst used and the number of carboxyl groups was found. For characterization of side-chain functionalized polystyrene, fractional precipitation was applied which yielded carboxyl groups in all fractions. The carboxyl group concentrations were found to be the highest in the case of BF3 . OEt(2). Modified polystyrene samples containing - CO - CH = CH - COOH fragments in side chains are easily crosslinked at 140-150 degrees C and by UV irradiation as proved by IR, DTA, and TGA analyses. Functionalized polymers obtained are characterized by their high thermostability, adhesion, and photosensitivity. (C) 1996 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.


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Balci, N; Bayramli, E; Toppare, Levent Kamil (Wiley, 1997-04-25)
Composites of a polypyrrole (PPy) and poly(vinyl chloride-vinyl acetate) copolymer (PVC-PVA) were prepared both chemically and electrochemically. An insulating polymer was retained in the blend and the thermal stability of the polymer was enhanced by polymerizing pyrrole into the host matrix in both cases. The composites prepared electrochemically gave the best results in terms of conductivity and air stability. (C) 1997 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
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Kincal, D; Özkar, Saim (Wiley, 1997-12-05)
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Two chemically modified chain extended/branched polyethylene terephthalate (PET) resins and one unmodified resin, considered to be linear, were characterized in terms of their melt flow, die swell, and viscoelastic properties. The three resins had reportedly similar nominal intrinsic viscosities but exhibited different viscoelastic behavior. The modified resins had lower melt flow index, higher die swell, higher complex viscosity and higher storage modulus than the unmodified one. The Cole-Cole plots of the...
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Epoxy-clay nanocomposites were synthesized to examine the effects of the content and type of different clays on the structure and mechanical properties of the nanocomposites. Diglycidyl ether of bisphenol-A (epoxy) was reinforced by 0.5-11 wt % natural (Cloisite Na+) and organically modified (Cloisite 3013) types of montmorillonite. SEM results showed that as the clay content increased, larger agglomerates of clay were present. Nano-composites with Cloisite 30B exhibited better dispersion and a lower degree...
Citation Formats
R. Kurbanova, R. Mirzaoglu, G. Akovali, Z. Rzaev, I. Karatas, and A. Okudan, “Side-chain functionalization of polystyrene with maleic anhydride in the presence of Lewis acids,” JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE, pp. 235–241, 1996, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: