Effects of dynamic matrix remodelling on en masse migration of fibroblasts on collagen matrices

Özçelikkale, Altuğ
Grinnell, Frederick
Han, Bumsoo
Fibroblast migration plays a key role during various physiological and pathological processes. Although migration of individual fibroblasts has been well studied, migration in vivo often involves simultaneous locomotion of fibroblasts sited in close proximity, so-called 'en masse migration', during which intensive cell-cell interactions occur. This study aims to understand the effects of matrix mechanical environments on the cell-matrix and cell-cell interactions during en masse migration of fibroblasts on collagen matrices. Specifically, we hypothesized that a group of migrating cells can significantly deform the matrix, whose mechanical microenvironment dramatically changes compared with the undeformed state, and the alteration of the matrix microenvironment reciprocally affects cell migration. This hypothesis was tested by time-resolved measurements of cell and extracellular matrix movement during en masse migration on collagen hydrogels with varying concentrations. The results illustrated that a group of cells generates significant spatio-temporal deformation of the matrix before and during the migration. Cells on soft collagen hydrogels migrate along tortuous paths, but, as the matrix stiffness increases, cell migration patterns become aligned with each other and show coordinated migration paths. As cells migrate, the matrix is locally compressed, resulting in a locally stiffened and dense matrix across the collagen concentration range studied.


Role of intracellular poroelasticity on freezing-induced deformation of cells in engineered tissues
Ghosh, Soham; Özçelikkale, Altuğ; Dutton, J. Craig; Han, Bumsoo (The Royal Society, 2016-10-01)
Freezing of biomaterials is important in a wide variety of biomedical applications, including cryopreservation and cryosurgeries. For the success of these applications to various biomaterials, biophysical mechanisms, which determine freezing-induced changes in cells and tissues, need to be well understood. Specifically, the significance of the intracellular mechanics during freezing is not well understood. Thus, we hypothesize that cells interact during freezing with the surroundings such as suspension medi...
In planta determination of GaMyb transcription factor as a target of pathogen induced microRNA, mir159
Akkaya, Mahinur; Dagdas, Gulay Gok; Dagdas, Yasin F. (2011-09-01)
One of the molecular mechanisms underlying the plant–pathogen interactions is the regulation of gene expressions in plant responses by microRNAs which are either stimulated or silenced against pathogen attacks. Among the plant miRNAs, we found that mir159 is one of which that differentially expressed upon Blumeria graminis f. sp. hordei (Bgh) infected resistant and susceptible barley lines. The study aims to confirm its role in regulating one of its putative target genes, GaMyb transcription factor, in vivo...
Analyses of extracellular protein production in Bacillus subtilis - II: Responses of reaction network to oxygen transfer at transcriptional level
KOCABAŞ, PINAR; ÇALIK GARCİA, GÜZİDE; Çalık, Pınar; Ozdamar, Tuncer H. (Elsevier BV, 2017-11-15)
Oxygen transfer influences intracellular fluxes which are orchestrated by genome and its transcription in Bacillus subtilis throughout fermentation in recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) production. Responses of B. subtilis reaction network to oxygen transfer were analysed at transcriptional level with determined transcriptome and calculated intracellular fluxes by the reconstructed genome scale model iBsu1144(rhGH) based on updated gene-enzyme-reaction data. iBsu1144(rhGH) employing 1067 reactions link...
Interaction network effects on position- and velocity-based models of collective motion
Turgut, Ali Emre; Okay, Ilkin Ege; Ferrante, Eliseo; Huepe, Cristian (The Royal Society, 2020-08-01)
We study how the structure of the interaction network affects self-organized collective motion in two minimal models of self-propelled agents: the Vicsek model and the Active-Elastic (AE) model. We perform simulations with topologies that interpolate between a nearest-neighbour network and random networks with different degree distributions to analyse the relationship between the interaction topology and the resilience to noise of the ordered state. For the Vicsek case, we find that a higher fraction of ran...
Interdependence of pulsed ultrasound and shear stress effects on cell morphology and gene expression
Mccormick, Susan M.; Saini, Vikas; Yazıcıoğlu, Yiğit; Demou, Zoe N.; Royston, Thomas J. (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2006-03-01)
Fluid shear stress is a key biomechanical regulatory factor in a several biological systems including bone tissue. Bone cells are also regulated by exogenous acoustic vibration, which has therapeutic benefits. In this study, we determined the effects of shear stress and pulsed ultrasound (US), alone and in series on osteoblast morphology and gene expression. We observed that shear stress (19 dyne/cm(2)) elongated SaOS-2 cells at 3, 6, 24, and 48 h decreasing their shape index from control values of 0.51 +/-...
Citation Formats
A. Özçelikkale, F. Grinnell, and B. Han, “Effects of dynamic matrix remodelling on en masse migration of fibroblasts on collagen matrices,” JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY INTERFACE, pp. 0–0, 2017, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/69399.