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The question of sovereignty in conducting a responsibility to protect mission: The case of Ukraine

Calaretu, Alina
The purpose of this research study is to examine how an illegal humanitarian intervention can be justified, how historical mythologies affects perceptions of sovereignty and what are the effects of abusing an R2P humanitarian mission. The attempt is to determine whether this mission can constitute a breach of sovereignty and if is being used as a tool for other interests. This research study aims to analyze the transforming character of sovereignty by focusing on its main contradiction between non-interference and human rights. Considering that the justification of the mission is the understandings of responsible sovereignty, this study will intend to prove that the interdependent character of sovereignty may prevent the state from having a minimum control of the external influences. Thus, without that minimum control, apparent “irresponsibility” may follow and an international mission can be justified. The study will further try to prove that the Russian view of limited sovereignty fits the concept of sovereignty as organized hypocrisy, and that the R2P mission may fit the framework of sovereignty as lack of control, rather than lack of responsibility. This thesis is an attempt for a step further in understanding the contradictions of sovereignty and the consequences of justifying the breach of it under the abusing of a humanitarian mission. A case study research will be conducted, by looking at the Russian R2P intervention in Ukraine in 2014. The qualitative approach will help in the examination of the intervention`s methods and results and it will determine whether R2P was used for other interests.