The marine pollution issue in international relations:The Mediterranean Action Plan

Ziyal, Nur
The focus of this study is the regional regime established by the Mediterranean states for the protection of the marine environment. As a case study on the current practice of states related to environmental protection, the character of the environmental issue in international relations, the definition of the problem in the Mediterranean Region, the identification of convergent and divergent state interests, and the structure and attributes of the regional regime are analysed. The problem of state compliance is dealt with along with the effects of other institutions of dealing with the issue of marine pollution on the development of the rules of the MAP. The compliance of coastal states with the regime are explored as indicators of regime effectiveness, growth and durability.


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This article takes issue with the Greater Middle East Initiative launched by the U.S. administration and endorsed by the G-8 leaders at the Sea Island Summit, June 2004. It also discusses the problem of democracy and modernity in Muslim societies. The article argues that the U.S. initiative came short of meeting the requirements Of promoting democracy in Muslim countries as it lacks a "carrot and stick" approach in respect of the existing regimes. Then, it disagrees with the prevalent views in the West on t...
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The Challenges to French Colonial Rule in Tunisia: Realpolitik in Mediterranean
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Citation Formats
N. Ziyal, “The marine pollution issue in international relations:The Mediterranean Action Plan,” Middle East Technical University, 1994.