Evaluating rentier theory and resource curse theory: The case of the Libyan Civil War

Aslan, Nur
This thesis seeks to explain the causes of the 2011 internationalised Libyan civil war and the collapse of the Qadhafi regime. But its primary purpose is to evaluate the usefulness of two neglected sets of theory, namely rentier state theory and resource curse theory, in the explanation of civil war and international intervention. Rentier state theory holds that control and distribution of natural resource revenues is crucial for state power, but that rentier states are fragile and inflexible in the long run, particularly in the face of international economic changes. Resource curse theory holds that resource-rich states can be fatally undermined by the very resource wealth found in a state, as it generates internal (and external) competition for its control. Having elaborated and criticized these two theories, they are applied to the case of Libya, one of the oil wealthiest states in the world. Can the collapse of one of the longest enduring regimes in the world – the Qadhafi regime from 1969 – be explained by resource curse theory? Why and how did Qadhafi’s rentier state collapse? These questions are addressed through testing the internal and external dimensions that shaped the experience of the Libyan state.


Comparing International Dimensions of Revolutionary Situations The cases of Egypt 2011 and Turkey 2013
Göçer Akder, Derya (2015-12-01)
This paper will look at the lessons we can draw from recent uprisings in the Middle East with regard to the theories of revolutions. Within the wider theoretical debate of the causes, processes and outcomes of revolutions the paper will focus on the international political dimensions of the revolutionary situations as distinct from the revolutionary outcomes. The article will disentangle and conceptualize the international politics surrounding these revolutionary situations. The paper will propose a framewo...
The analysis of the evolution of the relationship between the hashemite regime and the jordanian muslim brotherhood
Terzioğlu, Banu; Altunışık, Meliha; Department of Middle East Studies (2010)
This thesis analyzes the evolution of the relationship between the Hashemite regime and the Jordanian Muslim Brotherhood from 1946 to 2007. Reformist and pragmatic rhetoric of the Jordanian Muslim Brotherhood distinct from the most of other Muslim Brotherhood branches operating in different countries in the Middle East enabled it to set up relatively harmonious relations with the Hashemite regime without being declared as illegal even in crisis periods. While focusing on this interesting case, this study re...
External interventions and civil wars: the case of Lebanon (1975-1990).
Sunay, Selçuk; Boztemur, Recep; Department of Middle East Studies (2020)
This thesis analyzes the impact of Syria, Israel and Iran to the Lebanese Civil War in the years of 1975-1990 and investigates the civil war based on foreign intervention point of view. It considers the developments from regional perspective and argues that although the Civil War emerged due to political and social structure of Lebanon, it became more complicated and chaotic as a result of the intervention of the regional countries for more power in the region. These countries realized Lebanon as strategic ...
Rentier State Theory and the Arab Uprisings: An Appraisal
Altunışık, Meliha (2014-06-01)
This article aims to analyze the implications of the Arab uprisings on the Rentier State Theory (RST). Initial conceptualization of rentier state was based on the impact of externally generated oil revenues on the economic development as well as the nature of the state and state-society relations. Especially since 2000s the literature has been largely dominated by the study of relationship between rentier states and democratization. Based on the observations of the earlier literature, most of the studies ar...
Paradoxes in Turkey's Syria policy: Analyzing the critical episode of agenda building
Tür Küçükkaya, Özlem (2016-09-01)
This article explores the discursive reasons behind the paradoxes in Turkey's foreign policy since the onset of the Syria crisis. By looking at representation of Turkey's Syria policy in two prominent pro-government newspapers, Star and Yeni Safak, the authors highlight the significance of the February 2012 episode, after which Ankara experienced deep discursive dilemmas for three reasons: the uncertain portrayal of the dyadic context, the ambiguous framing of third-party roles, and ambivalent agenda buildi...
Citation Formats
N. Aslan, “Evaluating rentier theory and resource curse theory: The case of the Libyan Civil War,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2014.