Local and National Level Humanitarian Diplomacy in Turkey in the Context of Syrian Civil War

2021-10-08
Kandemir, Ali Berker
This thesis analyzes humanitarian diplomacy efforts in Turkey in the context of the Syrian Civil War. The thesis argues that the failed relationship between the Turkish State and the International Non-Governmental Organizations at the local level causes inefficient humanitarian operations towards Syrians affected by the civil war. In addition to that, the thesis considers that the undulant Turkey – West relations have consequences on humanitarian efforts in the country. On the one hand, the thesis considers that International Non-Governmental Organizations implementing humanitarian operations in Turkey approached and existed in Turkey based on their previous experiences and mentality in the aid-dependent countries. On the other hand, while the Turkish State naturally perceived this approach as a disregard, at the same time build pressure on International Non-Governmental Organizations, especially when problems appear with the Western countries who are the prominent donors of these humanitarian operations. The thesis suggests several recommendations to overcome these problems. The essentiality of having comprehensive Context Analysis, covering the nature of the host country, including all precisions, is suggested as the guide for any planned activity or project. Secondly, establishing rapport with the host government and local authorities is underlined for both institutional and staff security. Thirdly, a democratic decision-making process through the involvement of the local staff is essential since local staffers in the International Non-Governmental Organizations are naturally more aware than expats in case of the host country's norms, practices, and laws.

Suggestions

CAPTURING LEBANON WHILE “SAVING” ASSAD: HEZBOLLAH AND THE CIVIL WAR IN SYRIA, 2010-2020
Elhan, Nail; Tür Küçükkaya, Özlem; Department of International Relations (2022-1)
This thesis aims to analyze Hezbollah’s motivations in intervening in Syria, how Hezbollah as a Lebanese actor justified its intervention in the civil war in Syria, and its extended role in the war and presence in Syria in the past decade. By looking at the whole process from the beginning of the Syrian uprisings until 2020, it looks at stages of Hezbollah’s direct involvement in Syria. By borrowing the concept of win-sets from Robert Putnam’s two-level game theory, it aims to answer how Hezbollah justified...
Public diplomacy perceptions: elements of soft power in Germanys and Turkeys foreign policy
Doğan, Abdullah Mesud; Bağcı, Hüseyin; Department of International Relations (2019)
This thesis examines on the importance of Public Diplomacy in German and Turkish foreign policy. The German Foreign Cultural and Educational Policy (AKBP) and the Turkish Public Diplomacy will be focused and analysed in the perspective of the constructive discourse. In this context, the focus will be on the characteristics of Public Diplomacy, which can be seen under foreign policy analysis. This thesis seeks to understand the conceptualization of Soft Power, according to Nye’s studies, which are explained ...
Transformation of Syrian conflicts with Turkey and Israel in the 1990s : a comparative perspective on ripeness
Süer, Berna; Altunışık, Meliha; Department of International Relations (2011)
This thesis looks at the conflict transformation processes, which took place in the Syrian conflicts with Turkey and Israel during the 1990s. The aim is to understand the reasons behind the different outcomes of these conflict transformation processes of Syria with Turkey and Israel. This thesis argues that the high-level of ripeness conditions in the Syrian-Turkish conflict, compared to the conditions in the Syrian-Israeli conflict, was the determinant of effectiveness, that is, for the signing of an agree...
External interventions and civil wars: the case of Lebanon (1975-1990).
Sunay, Selçuk; Boztemur, Recep; Department of Middle East Studies (2020)
This thesis analyzes the impact of Syria, Israel and Iran to the Lebanese Civil War in the years of 1975-1990 and investigates the civil war based on foreign intervention point of view. It considers the developments from regional perspective and argues that although the Civil War emerged due to political and social structure of Lebanon, it became more complicated and chaotic as a result of the intervention of the regional countries for more power in the region. These countries realized Lebanon as strategic ...
Assessing the Astana Peace Process for Syria: Actors, Approaches, and Differences
Cengiz, Sinem (2020-06-01)
Since 2011, numerous peace initiatives have been initiated out by several actors to end the Syrian civil war in a peaceful way. This article presents the "Astana Peace Process" brokered by Russia, Turkey, and Iran in early 2017 as a case study of a mediation and examines its predecessors to understand the reasons for the failures of those attempts and develops an assessment of the Astana peace process itself. To gain a better understanding of the Astana peace process, this article incorporates the efforts o...
Citation Formats
A. B. Kandemir, “Local and National Level Humanitarian Diplomacy in Turkey in the Context of Syrian Civil War,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2021.