Rentier State Theory and the Arab Uprisings: An Appraisal

This article aims to analyze the implications of the Arab uprisings on the Rentier State Theory (RST). Initial conceptualization of rentier state was based on the impact of externally generated oil revenues on the economic development as well as the nature of the state and state-society relations. Especially since 2000s the literature has been largely dominated by the study of relationship between rentier states and democratization. Based on the observations of the earlier literature, most of the studies argued that there was a strong correlation between rentierism and lack of democracy. There were also few studies that challenged this argument. The Arab uprisings should lead to the revisiting of the arguments of the RST. In only two of the rentier states, namely Bahrain and Libya, has there been a widespread uprising. Both ended through outside intervention, one in support of the regime, the other against it. In other rentier states, limited protests did not lead to uprisings. Therefore, the question is twofold: First, what do the full-scale uprisings in two rentier states tell us? Second,what does it tell us that with the exception of these two states, all other rentier states have been able to maintain stability?


Muslim Brotherhood’s relationship with Egyptian governments from 1952 to 2008: an accomodational and confrontational relationship
Açıkalın, Serpil; Dağı, İhsan Duran; Department of Middle East Studies (2009)
This thesis analyses the Muslim Brotherhood’s fluctuated relationship with three of the Egyptian governments for the post-Revolutionary period. It is argued that the Muslim Brotherhood and the Egyptian Governments were firstly accommodated each other during the legitimacy processes of the governments. However, after the Muslim Brotherhood began to use the governments’ concessions to infiltrate the social and political field the Movement began to be seen as a threat by the governments and the relationship be...
British policy and the development of Palestinian Nationalism, 1917 – 1948
Çalık, Nur Betül; Boztemur, Recep; Department of Middle East Studies (2011)
This thesis analyzes the emergence and development process of Palestinian nationalism. The role of the notable families within the development of Palestinian nationalism that led Palestinian Arab society during the British Mandate will be discussed in detail. The thesis is going to examine whether Palestinian nationalism is a genuine ideology or it is developed as a counter nationalism against both Jewish immigration and settlements activities and British Mandate. It will also be analyzed Mandate policies w...
Eurocentrism of the resource curse theory: The case of Saudi Arabia
Yakut, Sarp; Kahveci, Hayriye; Political Science and International Relations (2019-8)
The main problem that the thesis addresses is the examination of the Saudi Arabian economic development through the resource curse theory perspective. That approach is found as Eurocentric. Rather than analysing the economic development trajectory of Saudi Arabia through the context of the resource curse theory, this thesis tries to demonstrate that the development trajectory of Saudi Arabia is unique and it has developed in accordance with its historical state building process. It argues that argue that no...
Challenges of Demographic Pressures and Resource Scarcity on the Political Economy in the Levant & MENA Region
Tür Küçükkaya, Özlem (Uluslararasi Iliskiler Dergisi, 2018-01-01)
This paper aims to analyze the challenges of population growth and resource scarcity in the Arab countries of the Levant. As the region has suffered from ongoing conflicts, civil wars, and political crises, the challenges of population growth and resource scarcity, coupled with environmental challenges has often been overlooked. This paper focuses on the problems associated with a growing population, such as an increased likelihood of unemployment and the emergence of a middle class poor in the region. Coup...
Russian-Syrian relations since the Arab spring: a strong alliance
Şen, Ayça Hüma; Tür Küçükkaya, Özlem; Department of Middle East Studies (2020)
This thesis analyzes the relations between Russia and Syria since the Arab Spring within the framework of small state foreign policy behavior and alliance formation mechanism built upon by Syria. By doing so, historical background of the relations, major challenges, vulnerabilities as well as strenghts were pointed out within the prism of Russian-Syrian relations in the region and its regional and international effects and consequences tried to be evaluated under a Russian-Syrian alliance.
Citation Formats
M. Altunışık, “Rentier State Theory and the Arab Uprisings: An Appraisal,” ULUSLARARASI ILISKILER-INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS, pp. 75–91, 2014, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: