How Elementary Students Interpret Equal Sign with Symbolic Equality Sentences



How technology supports argumentation structures in the geometry context
Erkek, Özlem; Işıksal Bostan, Mine (null; 2018-07-02)
Argumentation encompasses higher order thinking skills, such as generating hypothesis, justifying ideas, synthesizing problems, challenging others’ views, comparing different positions and evaluating hypotheses via empirical evidence (Hewit, 2010). The teacher plays a crucial role in the argumentation process and, thus, should be pedagogically equipped to effectively prepare and implement an argumentation-based instruction. The aim of the present study was to investigate the nature of the argumentation stru...
How middle-grade students explain ordering statements within real life situation? An example of temperature context
Yılmaz, Ayşenur; Işıksal Bostan, Mine (null; 2017-02-05)
The purpose of the study is to examine the extent to which middle-grade students agree on statements about the ordering of two negative integers given within a real-life context, and what kind of procedural and conceptual strategies they generate to order those numbers. Data is collected through a questionnaire including two statements about ordering integers from fifty-seven middle-grade level students in a public school. The results show that even though students agreed with both of the statements, they d...
How to model mutually exclusive events based on independent causal pathways in Bayesian network models
Fenton, Norman; Neil, Martin; Lagnado, David; Marsh, William; Yet, Barbaros; Constantinou, Anthony (2016-12-01)
We show that existing Bayesian network (BN) modelling techniques cannot capture the correct intuitive reasoning in the important case when a set of mutually exclusive events need to be modelled as separate nodes instead of states of a single node. A previously proposed 'solution', which introduces a simple constraint node that enforces mutual exclusivity, fails to preserve the prior probabilities of the events, while other proposed solutions involve major changes to the original model. We provide a novel an...
How novice instructional designers apply instructional design models? A qualitative study
Uğur Erdoğmuş, Feray; Çağıltay, Kürşat (2017-05-26)
How Argumentation and Geogebra Support Students’xx Understanding of Nets of Prisms
Şahin Doğruer, Şule; Akyüz, Didem (2018-12-20)
Citation Formats
Z. Kama and M. Işıksal Bostan, “How Elementary Students Interpret Equal Sign with Symbolic Equality Sentences,” 2016, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: