Numerical taxonomy of the Genus Salvia (Sage) in East and Southeast Anatolia

Kahraman, Ahmet
Doğan, Musa
Arı, Nurettin
This study aims to carry out multivariate statistical analyseson 59 taxa of the genus SalviaL. (sage) naturally found in East and Southeast Anatolia in Turkey based on macromorphological, anatomical, palynological and mericarp micromorphological characteristics, to construct an infrageneric grouping in the genus and tounderstandthephylogeneticrelationships between taxa.For the multivariate correspondence analyses, OTUs (Operational Taxonomic Units) representing different populations of the Salviataxa were investigated and scored on the basis of sixty character states. These analyses were used to obtain dendrograms, applying UPGMA algorithm and the Gower’s General Similarity Coefficient, Percent Similarity and Euclidean Distance. Principle Coordinate Analysis (PCO) utilizing the Gower’s coefficient on standardized data was conducted on the specimens to see their distribution as three-dimensional plots.As a result of the numerical analyses, we obtained the dendrograms, in which we could separate seven major clusters. Respectively, these were as follows: Hemisphace, Drymosphace, Plethiosphace, Aethiopis, Horminum, Hymenosphaceand Salviasections. PCO analysis agreed on the findings of the research. The results obtained from the present study support Bentham (1833) and Boissier’s (1879) taxonomic decisions on infrageneric delimitation of Salvia.
Citation Formats
A. Kahraman, M. Doğan, and N. Arı, “Numerical taxonomy of the Genus Salvia (Sage) in East and Southeast Anatolia,” Gaziosmanpaşa University, Tokat, Turkey, 2017, p. 196, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: