Gender and age differences in risk taking behaviour in road traffic crashes

Bener, A.
Dafeeah, E.e.
Verjee, M.
Yousafzai, M.t.
Al-khatib, H.
Nema, N.
Mari, S.
Choi, M.k.
Özkan, Türker
Lajunen, T.
Aim: The aim of the present study was to assess drivers' gender and age related differences in the associations between high risk taking behaviour and Road Traffic Crashes in Qatar. Study Design: This is a cross sectional study. Subjects and Methods: A multistage stratified cluster sampling was performed. Of 2400 drivers aged 20 years and above approached, 1824 drivers agreed to participate in the survey (76%). The study was based on a face to face interview with a designed questionnaire including Driver Behaviour Questionnaire (DBQ) along with socio-demographic variables. Results: Of the studied drivers, 74.7% were males and 25.8% were Qataris. Majority of the drivers were in the age group 30-39 years (35%), followed by drivers below 30 years (31.5%). Using mobile phone while driving (51.1%) and excessive speeding (38.8%) were significantly higher in male drivers (p<0.001) as compared to females. No significant difference was observed in items of violation between both the genders except items on "disregard the speed limits at night" (30.5% vs 19.7%; p=0.041) and "disregard the speed limits on motor way" (25.6% vs 19.7%; p=0.011). There were no significant differences observed in items of errors and the most frequent reported error was "queuing to turn right onto a main road and hitting the car in front" (21.8% and 21.4%). Also, no significant difference was found in items of lapses between genders except "realizing that you have no clear recollection of the road you are driving" with significantly a higher proportion in female drivers (17.8% vs 22.1%; p=0.041). TV (76.6% vs 81.8%; p=0.019) and radio (71% vs 78.2%; p=0.003) were reported as an effective source of road safety campaign by male and female drivers. Gender, driving experience, DBQ items such as violations lapses and errors showed significant correlation with accident involvement. Conclusion: No significant difference was observed between genders in DBQ items violation, lapses and errors. Most of the DBQ items were more prevalent in female drivers as compared to male drivers.
Advances in Transportation Studies an international Journal


Professional and non-professional drivers' stress reactions and risky driving
Öz, Bahar; Özkan, Türker (2010-01-01)
The aim of the present study was to investigate stress reactions, speeding, number of penalties and accident involvement among different driver groups (taxi drivers, minibus drivers, heavy vehicle drivers, and non-professional drivers). A total number of 234 male drivers participated in the study. The participants were asked to complete the Driver Stress Inventory (DSI) together with a demographic information form. Five dimensions of the DSI were measured; aggression, dislike of driving, hazard monitoring, ...
Symmetric Relationship Between Self and Others in Aggressive Driving Across Gender and Countries
Özkan, Türker; Parker, Dianne; Sumer, NEBİ; Summala, Heikki (2010-01-01)
Objective: It was hypothesized that the combination of self-reported aggressive behaviors committed by the driver himself/herself (oselfo scale) and perceiving himself/herself as an object of other drivers' aggressive acts (oothero scale) increases road accident involvement risk across gender and countries. The aim of this study was, therefore, to investigate this symmetric relationship between aggressive driving of self and other and its relationship on accident involvement among British, Dutch, Finnish, a...
Multidimensional Traffic Locus of Control Scale (T-LOC): factor structure and relationship to risky driving
Özkan, Türker (2005-02-01)
The aim of the present study was to develop a multidimensional instrument for measuring driver locus of control and to investigate the relationship between driver locus of control, risky driving and negative outcomes. Participants were young male (N = 216) and female (N = 132) drivers who completed a form including the newly developed Multidimensional Traffic Locus of Control Scale (T-LOC), Driver Behaviour Questionnaire (DBQ), and items related to drivers' driving records and demographics. Factor analysis ...
Organisational Safety Climate, Professional Driver Behaviours, and Crashes Among a Mixed Group of Professional Drivers
Yılmaz, Şerife; Özkan, Türker; Öz, Bahar (2022-01-01)
The current study compared different driver groups and investigated the relationship between safety climate, driver behaviours, and crashes in a mixed group of professional drivers in Turkey. Two hundred and sixty drivers completed the scales developed explicitly for professional drivers, Transportation Companies’ Climate Scale and Occupational Driver Behaviour Questionnaire, along with the demographic form. Freight drivers scored higher on risky driver behaviours than passenger vehicle drivers. Organisatio...
Why are there sex differences in risky driving? The relationship between sex and gender-role on aggressive driving, traffic offences, and accident involvement among young Turkish drivers
Özkan, Türker (Wiley, 2005-01-01)
The aim of this study was to investigate how sex (male and female) and gender-role (masculinity and femininity) and their interaction were associated with risky driving behaviors, traffic offences, and accident involvement among young Turkish drivers. Three-hundred and fifty-four young drivers (221 males and 133 females) filled in a form including the short form of Bem Sex-Role Inventory (BSRI), the Driver Behaviour Questionnaire (DBQ), questions about a driver's accident history, and background information...
Citation Formats
A. Bener et al., “Gender and age differences in risk taking behaviour in road traffic crashes,” Advances in Transportation Studies an international Journal, pp. 53–62, 2013, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: