Mantle to Surface dynamics across subduction-collision transtions in space and time: results from the CD-CAT project in Anatolia

From west to east, the southern plate boundary of Anatolia varies from subduction to continental collision; plate dynamics are influenced by the interaction of back-arc extension in the west (Aegean) and convergence in the east (Arabia-Eurasia). Prior to 40 Ma, the entire margin was a subduction zone. The NSF project "Continental Dynamics-Central Anatolian Tectonics (CD-CAT)" has contributed to understanding how the mantle, crust, and surface evolve in subduction-to-collision transitions in time and space. Differences are seen in changes in deformation style as collision proceeded; e.g. from distributed across a broad zone to highly localized on a series of oblique-slip faults, and from transpression to transtension (W of the Central Anatolian fault zone, CAFZ) or strike-slip (E of the CAFZ); age, composition, and sources of magmatism, including a magmatic lull from 40-20 Ma, followed by expansion of magmatism SE-ward in central Anatolia; properties and architecture of the lithosphere and sub-lithospheric mantle (e.g. significant and locally abrupt crustal thickness variations, including thick crust under the Tauride Mts; thin to absent lithospheric mantle; and a torn and disaggregating slab that varies from shallow to steep below central Anatolia); and a topographic gradient from a high eastern plateau (> 2 km) to a central plateau (1-1.5 km) bounded to the N and S by mountain ranges that rose > 2 km from the sea between 11-5 Ma, producing a rain shadow in the Anatolian interior. Thermochronologic and structural studies of exhumed mid-crust and associated basins and fault zones as well as geophysical data for Anatolia today show the extent to which inherited features (suture zones, faults) have affected the tectonic evolution of Anatolia, particularly in the vicinity of the CAFZ/East Anatolian Fault, and mantle properties. Results also show that the Miocene was a dynamic time in the thermal and mechanical evolution of the region, as early Miocene rollback/foundering of the subducted slab drove major volcanism, faulting, and landscape changes (uplift). Slab dynamics below Anatolia accelerated the late Miocene-Pliocene transition from distributed to highly localized deformation, including inception of the North and East Anatolia strike-slip faults that today accommodate tectonic escape of Anatolia.
AGU 2017, (10-15 Aralık 2017)


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Citation Formats
F. B. Rojay, N. Kaymakcı, and A. A. Özacar, “Mantle to Surface dynamics across subduction-collision transtions in space and time: results from the CD-CAT project in Anatolia,” presented at the AGU 2017, (10-15 Aralık 2017), 2017, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: