Planning for a successful development of intelligent transportation systems (ITS) in Turkey

Dündar, Selim
Tüydeş Yaman, Hediye
İpekyüz, Beyhan
Karataş Sevinen, Pınar
Hüner, Egecan Emre
Evren, Güngör
Since 1990s, Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) has been an area of research and implementation following the rapid development in communication and computational fields of research, which has always taken advantage of advances to promote mobility, efficiency and safety in transportation systems. The last two decades ofexperience in mostly the developed countries, the accumulation of knowledge and experience on ITS enabled the discussions on how to evaluate its success. This literature is highly critical for developing countries such as Turkey who has been experiencing ITS recently so that a healthy and successful ITS deployment road map can be determined. This study focused on evaluation of key policy and assessment reports both from the USA and European region, to determine the key factors affecting the success of ITSexperience. The main difference between the two regions is observed as the scope of evaluation of ITS: while the former mostly dealt with deployment of ITS, the latter has focused on impact of ITS on the sustainable development realm and smart city concept. However, more recent studies showed a merging point for both literature such that successful development of ITS in a region must be monitored from both sides, the deployment as well as the impacts, as stated in the scope of the US Federal Highway Administration ITS evaluation research program. As a part of a research developing an evaluation index for ITS, this study presents a) the taxonomy of ITS applications currently available in the world and b) the key performance indicators (KPIs) commonly statedin the literature and measures used to monitor them. The taxonomy is further enhanced by deployment issues, such as existence of an ITS 125vision/policy, trained personnel capacity, assessment management, etc, to propose a broader framework for the evaluation of ITS deployment evaluation. Secondly, the KPIs are associated with the new concepts affecting ITS success such as, financial sustainability, governance capacity, demand responsiveness, etc. to develop the evaluation framework for ITS impact. The developed index structure has been assessed by 115 ITS experts from Turkey (including 63 sector representatives and 32 academicians) who agreed mostly on the developed structure and prioritized 41 listed ITS applications for Turkey. The results showed that network traffic management and traffic safety areas needed ITS applications urgently and severely, while commercial vehicle operations and electronic payment and toll collection systems received diverse response.
International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems-BANU-ITSC’18 , (19-21 April 2018)


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Citation Formats
S. Dündar, H. Tüydeş Yaman, B. İpekyüz, P. Karataş Sevinen, E. E. Hüner, and G. Evren, “Planning for a successful development of intelligent transportation systems (ITS) in Turkey,” 2018, p. 124, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: