Coincidence anticipation time of experienced tennis players: effect of stimulus speed and the use of the racket

Main purpose of this study was to examine the effects of various stimulus speeds on Coincidence Anticipation Timing (CAT) performance of experienced tennis players. Secondary purpose was to investigate whether using a button (a classical condition) or a tennis racket (a sport specific condition) for measurement makes a difference in testing performance of the athletes. Participants were 41 tennis players (21 girls & 20 boys) whose age was between 11 to 17 years (M=14.2, SD=3.81). The participants were considered to be experienced tennis players because they were practicing the sport at least for three years (M=4.61, SD=2.28). CAT performances were measured with modified Bassin Anticipation Timer (BAT) device. Stimulus speeds were set as 1, 3 and 5 m/s. Participants were informed about test protocol. To familiarize BAT device and test protocol, participants performed 3 trials with button and 3 trials with racket. Participants performed 30 button and 30 racket trials (10 trials for each stimulus speed). For each condition, the order of the trials was randomized and the button/racket conditions were counterbalanced. Absolute error (AE) and variable error (VE) scores of the participants were calculated. Repeated measure ANOVA results for AE showed significant interaction between stimulus speeds and conditions (F(2,79)=27.84, p<.05). As the stimulus speed increased, performance of the tennis players were getting slightly worse for button test condition but they were getting better for the racket conditions. Results for VE yielded significant results only for the button/racket test condition where the variability of the tennis players were decreasing as the speed of the stimulus were increasing (F(1,80)=10.05, p<.05). It was concluded that accuracy performance of the experienced players were affected by the speed of stimulus speed and that testing with button and sport specific racket condition makes difference in their performances
Citation Formats
S. Kirazcı, M. Söğüt, and E. Devrilmez, “Coincidence anticipation time of experienced tennis players: effect of stimulus speed and the use of the racket,” presented at the International Sports Sciences Congress, (01 - 04 Kasım 2016), Antalya, Türkiye, 2016, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: