Foreign Policy Operational Codes of Populist Far-Right Leaders in Europe

Ceydilek, Erdem
This study focuses on a relatively under-studied subject within the literature of far right populism. By using the operational code construct (Leites 1951, 1953; George 1969, Walker 2000) we depict foreign policy belief systems of eight populist far right leaders in Europe. In line with this research question, we test the following hypotheses: (i) In terms of foreign policy belief systems , these populist far right leaders share a common pattern. (ii) These leaders' foreign policy belief system are significantly different from the world leaders norming group (Malici and Buckner 2008). More specifically, P1, P4 and I1 scores (master beliefs) of far right leadership will be compared to those of 'norming' group' leaders and statistical significance tests will be conducted. The results will be discussed in connection with a policy area such as the EU integration and immigration.


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This study deals basically with a critique of ideological and policy-oriented approaches in area studies, and problems of political interventions and ideological inclinations in the Middle Eastern studies. Politics and ideology not only makes the area more complex to understand, since they aim to meet the needs of the governments, but also prevents the academic studies to develop independently. The study aims at putting forth a historical analysis required both to take the issues of the Middle East studies ...
Critical realism as a rival methodology for institutional economics
Gürpınar, Erkan; Özveren, Eyüp; Department of Economics (2008)
The aim of the thesis is to clarify the methodology of the original institutional economics and then to evaluate the current attempts to utilize critical realism as a superior methodology for it. After sketching the historical background of the discussions surrounding methodology of science and 19th century economic methodology, the thesis separately analyses the methodology of institutional economics and critical realist stance in the philosophy of science. A critical discussion of the subject matter reach...
Systemic change and elite transition: a neoclassical realist appraisal to the political and economic transformation in Russia and China since the 1970s
Şahin, Mehme; Tayfur, Mehmet Fatih; Department of International Relations (2019)
The main purpose of this study is to understand the systemic transition from a neoclassical realist perspective. The effects of the increasing capitalism on great powers since the 1970s are analyzed to examine transition. Therefore, the two great powers in the international system, namely Russia and China, are taken as analytical tools. Since neoclassical realism emphasizes domestic determinants of states, this study focuses on elite preferences of China and Russia. In this regard, the liberal international...
Architecture, revolution and temporality: the Soviet avant-garde and the politics of modernism
Demirok, Görkem; Sargın, Güven Arif; Department of Architecture (2017)
This study aims to present a political re-reading of modernism and the Soviet Avant-garde through their conceptualizations of temporality. To that end, affirmative and negative characteristics of modernism and the avant-garde in their relation to modernity and the capitalist mode of production are examined, and their over-identification with capitalism is questioned. Thereafter, the Soviet context of modernism and the avant-garde are analyzed through the temporal conception of Bolshevism. The study claims t...
Toplumsal Yapı Ve Eğitim
Ersoy, Melih (Middle East Technical University, Faculty of Architecture, 1976)
Kapitalist üretim biçimi, yapısı gereği eşit olmayan gelişme yasalarına uyar. Bu toplum biçiminin bir dengeler bütünü olduğunu savlayan görüş, kuramla nesnel gerçeklik arasındaki uyuşmazlığın nedenini piyasa mekanizmasının tam olarak işleyememesine bağlar. Bu yapı içinde eğitim kurumlarının ana işlevleri: 1) Toplumsal üretim için gerekli temel bilgi ve becerileri Öğretmek, geliştirmek, 2) Sistemin ideolojisini yaymak, benimsetmek olarak özetlenebilir. Bu ana işlevler yanında kapitalizmin kendine özgü iç çel...
Citation Formats
E. Ceydilek, “Foreign Policy Operational Codes of Populist Far-Right Leaders in Europe,” 2017, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: