Use of sport science knowledge by Turkish coaches

2015-01-01
Kılıç, Koray
İnce, Mustafa Levent
The purpose of this study is to examine the following research questions in Turkish coaching context: a) What are coaches’ perceptions on the application of sport science research to their coaching methods? b) What sources do coaches utilize to obtain the knowledge they need? c) What barriers do coaches encounter when trying to access and apply the knowledge they need for their sport? In addition, differences in research questions responses were examined based on gender, years of coaching experience, academic educational level, coaching certificate level, coaching team or individual sports, and being paid or unpaid for coaching. The participants were 321 coaches (255 men, 66 women) from diverse sports and coaching levels working in Ankara. The questionnaire “New Ideas for Coaches” by Reade, Rodgers and Hall (2008) was translated, adapted into Turkish, and validated for the current study. According to our findings among Turkish coaches, there is a high prevalence of beliefs that sport science contributes to sport (79.8%);however, there are gaps between what coaches are looking for and the research that is being conducted. Coaches are most likely to attend seminars or consult other coaches to get new information. Scientific publications were ranked very low by the coaches in getting current information. The barriers to coaches’ access to sport science research are finding out the sources of information, being able to implement the sport science knowledge into the field of coaching, lack of monetary support in acquiring knowledge, and language barriers. Also, differences in perceptions and preferences for obtaining new information were identified based on coaches’ gender, coaching contexts (i.e., professional-amateur), coaching settings (i.e., team/individual), and their other demographic characteristics (i.e., coaching experience, coaching educational level, and coaching certificate level). Future coach education programs should emphasize the development of coaches’ competencies in identifying and accessing eligible sports science knowledge sources and lack of money for acquiring information while also tailoring the messages based on differences in coaching contexts, coaching settings, and coaches’ demographic characteristics so as to ensure successful knowledge transfer.
International Journal of Exercise Science

Suggestions

How do Turkish sport coaches access the knowledge of sport science?
Kılıç, Koray; İnce, Mustafa Levent; Department of Physical Education and Sports (2013)
The purpose of this study was to examine the following research questions in Turkish coaching context: a) How do coaches perceive sport science research? b) Which sources do coaches utilize when obtaining the knowledge they need? c) What obstacles do coaches confront when trying to access the knowledge they need? Participants were 322 coaches (256 men, 66 women) from diverse sports and coaching levels working in Ankara. “New Ideas for Coaches” questionnaire by Reade, Rodgers and Hall (2008) was translated a...
The Contribution of Cognitive and Metacognitive Strategy Use to Students Science Achievement
Akyol, Gülsüm; Öztekin, Ceren; Sungur, Semra (Informa UK Limited, 2010-01-01)
This study examined the differences in the level of 7th-grade Turkish students' cognitive and metacognitive strategy use (rehearsal, elaboration, organization, critical thinking, and metacognitive self-regulation) in science and investigated the contribution of cognitive and metacognitive strategy use to students' science achievement. The present study also explored the relationships between students' background characteristics (gender, prior knowledge, socioeconomic status) and their cognitive and metacogn...
Measuring technological pedagogical content knowledge (TPACK) through performance assessment
Akyüz, Didem (Elsevier BV, 2018-10-01)
Despite many studies conducted on TPACK, the relationships between the components of the framework and how to perform TPACK assessment remain to be important research questions. The aim of this study is to shed light on these two questions by analyzing lesson plans collected from 138 preservice mathematics teachers obtained from a technology-integration course over a period of five years. An instrument that describes each component of the TPACK framework was developed and applied to performance-assessment o...
Evaluation of professional development program designed for artistic gymnastics coaches needs
Kılıç, Koray; İnce, Mustafa Levent (2016-11-04)
The purposes of this study were to 1) determine coaches’ needs by examining athletes’ sport-related outcomes, 2) develop and implement a professional development program for coaches based on the needs arose, and 3) evaluate the effectiveness of the program implemented. For the first purpose, a valid and reliable measurement toolkit (Vierimaa, Erickson, Côté, and Gilbert, 2012) that measures athletes’ perception of “Competence”, “Confidence”, “Connection”, and “Character” was a...
Review of Studies Related to Pedagogical Content Knowledge in the Context of Science Teacher Education: Turkish Case
Aydin, Sevgi; Boz, Yezdan (2012-12-01)
As a review study, the present study was carried out in order to introduce PCK construct to researchers and evaluate which aspects of PCK were studied in our country, and, finally, make recommendations in light of the analysis of the studies for further research. For this purpose, ERIC database, YOK (Higher Education Council) database were searched by using "Pedagogical Content Knowledge" as keyword. Moreover, journals published in Turkey and which are possible to be reached electronically were searched usi...
Citation Formats
K. Kılıç and M. L. İnce, “Use of sport science knowledge by Turkish coaches,” International Journal of Exercise Science, pp. 21–37, 2015, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: http://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijes/.