Use of boron compounds as binders in iron ore pelletization

Sivrikaya, Osman
Arol, Ali İhsan
Low grade iron ores with impurity gangue minerals containing silica and alumina must be upgraded to an acceptable level of iron content. Concentrates, due to their fine sizes, are not suitable to be directly charged to the iron-making processes such as the blast furnace or the DR-plant. Hence, an agglomeration technique should be applied to fine concentrate. The most commonly employed one is pelletizing in iron ore industry. In pelletizing, iron ore, water and a binder are balled in a mechanical disc or drum to produce agglomerates. Bentonite is the most widely used binder. However, it is considered as an impurity due to its high SiO2 and Al2O3 content. Many researchers have investigated different binders, mostly of organic origin, in pursuit of finding a viable alternative binder to bentonite. Organic binders were found to yield good quality green and dry pellets. However, they fail to impart enough strength to the pre-heated and fired pellets as a result of insufficient slag bonding. Boron compounds free of silica and alumina are thought to be a potential solution to overcome the lack of slag forming constituents encountered with organic binders as they are known for their low melting temperatures as well as for their ability to also lower the melting temperatures of silicates. A few researchers have investigated the use of boron compounds in iron ore agglomeration and found promising results which have been covered in this paper.
Open Mineral Processing Journal


Sivrikaya, Osman; Arol, A. I. (Instituto Federal de Educacao, Ciencia e Tecnologia do Rio Grande do Norte (IFRN), 2014-7-3)
<jats:p>The use of conventional bentonite binder is favorable in terms of mechanical and metallurgical pellet properties, however, because of its acid constituents bentonite is considered as impurity especially for iron ores with high acidic content. Therefore, alternative binders to bentonite have been tested. Organic binders are the most studied binders and they yield pellets with good wet strength; they fail in terms of preheated and fired pellet strengths. This study was conducted to investigate how ins...
The Effect of Calcined Colemanite Addition on the Mechanical Strength of Magnetite Pellets Produced with Organic Binders
SİVRİKAYA, OSMAN; Arol, Ali İhsan; Eisele, Timothy; Kawatra, S. Komar (2013-06-01)
Iron ore pellets must have sufficient mechanical strengths against degradation in all stages of pellet production. Low strength is also a problem for product pellets since they abrade during transportation to the reduction furnaces. The use of a binder is necessary to provide sufficient strength to the pellets and for better operation and handling of pellets. Bentonite is the standard binder in the industry; however, it is considered an impurity due to its acid oxide contents. Organic binders have been test...
SİVRİKAYA, OSMAN; Arol, Ali İhsan (2012-01-01)
In this study the separation possibility of gangue minerals from a low grade magnetite ore with 45% Fe from an iron ore deposit located near Erzincan-Turkey was investigated. The iron ore deposit consists of mainly magnetite mineral. Hematite is the second iron oxide found in the deposit. The gangue minerals contain mainly SiO2 and Al2O3 impurities. The main object of the research is to investigate the production of a concentrate suitable for iron ore pellet production. The concentrate for pellet production...
Usage of boron compounds in copper production
Rüşen, Aydın; Geveci, Ahmet; Topkaya, Yavuz Ali; Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering (2013)
Copper losses to slag are generally between 0.7-2.3% during the copper matte smelting stage. In this study, the aim was to reduce these losses in the slag phase. For this purpose, usage of some additives (especially calcined colemanite labeled as CC, boric oxide-B2O3 and calcium oxide-CaO as well) as flux material was investigated. The flash furnace matte-slag (FFM-FFS) obtained from Eti Copper Inc. and a master matte-slag (MM-MS) produced synthetically were used as starting materials. Additives were tested...
The bonding/strengthening mechanism of colemanite added organic binders in iron ore pelletization
SİVRİKAYA, OSMAN; Arol, Ali İhsan (2012-07-18)
The addition of boron compounds into pellet mix is proposed as a potential solution to overcome the insufficient compressive strengths of preheated and fired pellets produced with organic binders. Colemanite was tested as an alternative binder to bentonite either alone or in combination with some organic binders on magnetite pellets. The performances of the tested binders on pellet qualities: balling, wet pellet moisture content, drop number, compressive strengths and microstructure of pellets have been com...
Citation Formats
O. Sivrikaya and A. İ. Arol, “Use of boron compounds as binders in iron ore pelletization,” Open Mineral Processing Journal, pp. 25–35, 2010, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: