Mass housing, relocation, and mothers' and children's residential satisfaction: Evidence from Ankara

2019-12-01
From its inception in 2003, the Turkish Housing Development Administration’s (TOKI) mass housing developments have rapidly expanded throughout the nation, affecting human-environment interactions. A recent government report announced that currently in Turkey there are approximately 740.000 mass housing units. By 2023 this number is projected to increase to 1.2 million. Despite these trends, little is known about children’s and women’s satisfaction with mass housing. This study investigates the effects of relocation on 9-12 year-old children and their mothers’ satisfaction with mass housing projects built in the context of squatter housing regeneration from a comparative perspective. The results are based on a survey of 235 nine-to-twelve-year-old children and their mothers living in three recently built inner- and outer-city mass housing developments in Ankara, Turkey. Results show the importance of prior place of residence, location of the mass housing estate, and dwelling and neighborhood characteristics in children’s and women’s residential satisfaction. In general, compared to their mothers, children reported higher satisfaction scores for all the features of the current home and neighborhood. However, there were some differences in what children and their mothers liked and disliked about their current home and neighborhood. The implications of these findings are important for designing communities that areloved by their residents.

Suggestions

Housing management models and household behaviour
Kızıldağ, Yelda; Balamir, Murat; Altaban, Özcan; Department of City and Regional Planning (2003)
A significantly large stock of housing has been realised In Turkey during the past five decades, building the cities almost entirely anew. This has shifted the central concern from production, design and ownership issues in the housing sector to that of housing management. The major problem in housing for the coming decades is not how to maintain the growth of the stock further, but how to efficiently use and improve the existing assets. Currently, no central or local authority is responsible for the manage...
An Institutional analysis of the transformation of informal housing settlements in Turkey : a case study in the Şentepe neighbourhood of Ankara
Özdemirli, Yelda; Türel, Ali; Department of City and Regional Planning (2012)
Transformation of informal housing settlements by urban renewal and redevelopment has become one of the major tasks of Turkish urban policy in the last decades. Nevertheless, in some cases urban redevelopment could not be facilitated due to low level of investments; and moreover most of the transformed settlements are still problematic with added difficulties brought out by urban transformation itself such as lower levels of physical quality, gentrification or dislocation. Understanding the sources of these...
Housing after disaster: A post occupancy evaluation of a reconstruction project
Dikmen, Nese; Elias Özkan, Soofia Tahira (Elsevier BV, 2016-10)
The permanent post-disaster houses constructed in the rural areas of Cankiri Province in Turkey, were investigated as part of a post-occupancy evaluation of the reconstruction project, undertaken by the Turkish Ministry of Environment and Urbanisation. The aim of the study was to examine whether houses constructed with Typical or Custom Designs met the needs of the users in the region or not. Field surveys were undertaken, and face to face interviews were conducted with the beneficiaries of the reconstructi...
Urban-spatial analysis of mass housing environments: mapping Batıkent in search of alternatives to generic housing
Küreli Gülpınar, Ece; Balamir, Aydan; Department of Architecture (2021-3)
Living environments in Turkey are shaped with generic housing blocks implemented by public and private actors operating in the mass housing production. Despite the relative diversification and pluralism that started in the 1980s, mainstream housing practice has given rise to the spread of stereotypical patterns and types forming the morphology of cities over time. Nevertheless, alternative searches for the architecture and planning of mass housing have managed to find little gaps for realization. Batıkent ...
A comparative life cycle assessment of structural materials: a case study on TOKİ housing
Dener Uysal, Ezgi; Ay, Bekir Özer; Department of Building Science in Architecture (2021-9)
In Turkey, the Housing Development Administration of Turkey (TOKİ) has a significant proportion of housing stock and prepares typical housing projects. Reinforced concrete shear wall system (also named as tunnel form system) is preferred in these projects. This reinforced concrete system may have structural advantages but may also have more CO2 emissions. Therefore, the potentials of a steel system in terms of sustainability are investigated in this study. TOKİ buildings are classified according to their ty...
Citation Formats
Y. C. Severcan, “Mass housing, relocation, and mothers’ and children’s residential satisfaction: Evidence from Ankara,” 2019, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: https://www.aesop2019.eu/wp-content/uploads/2019/12/AESOP-Book-of-Papers_compressed.pdf.