Work and Justice Without Moral Content in Hesiod’s Works and Days

According to Michael Gagarin, Hesiod’s notion of dikê is not a moral notion, and it has to be disassociated from the moral connotations that it will start to assume later in the fifth century. For Gagarin, an ad hoc settlement of particular disputes in city courts is all there is to Hesiodic dikê. This article objects to this interpretation of Hesiod and claims that Hesiod is working with a more substantial idea of dikê in his Works and Days. According to my reading, however, Hesiod’s more substantial notion of dikê still does not have moral content. I provide my reasons for this latter claim by showing that “work”, for Hesiod, does not have a moral significance, either.
Felsefe Dünyası


Justice and justification: the argument against Kantian subordination of politics to morality (the cases of John Rawls and Jurgen Habermas)
Yazıcı, Sedat; İnam, Ahmet; Department of Philosophy (2002)
By providing a clarification of the Kantian legacy on which both Rawls's and Habermas's justification of the principles of justice rests, the historical part of this dissertation aims to demonstrate the misdirection that Kant gave to the contemporary political philosophy. The conceptual part of the dissertation argues for the idea that, due to an internal connection between the justificatory methodology of a political theory and its essential ideas, a political system cannot be justified independently of it...
Dangers of morality and the rationality of the desire for perpetual peace
Yıldırım, Erdoğan (2006-03-01)
This article tries to discuss the potential dangers of proposing a world order in the form of the morally based idea of perceptual peace as it is developed by Kant and further propagated by Habermas and Derrida. Drawing on a distinction between the Kantian idea of morality (Moralitat) attributed to the internality of man via its theological connection with god and an idea of ethics akin to Aristotelian and/or Hegelian notions (ethos or ethical life - Sittlichkeit), the article posits the question of the rol...
Sakin Hanoğlu, Derya; Sol, Ayhan; Department of Philosophy (2021-10)
The aim of this thesis is to investigate whether morality is uniquely human, and to argue that emotions are the basis of morality in the sense that moral behavior is produced by emotions. In order to support my suggestion, I first intend to investigate the nature and function of emotions. Furthermore, I adopt an evolutionary perspective suggesting that our biology pushed us toward caring about certain things surrounding us. In accordance with this assertion, I endeavor to examine whether moral judgments and...
On the Beautiful as the Symbol of the Morally Good in Kant's Aesthetics
Tanık, Duygu; Çırakman, Elif; Department of Philosophy (2022-9-2)
This study analyzes the meaning and role of the analogy between beauty and the morally good introduced in Kant’s Critique of Judgment by his famous statement: “beautiful is the symbol of the morally good.” By examining this analogy, this thesis investigates the possible relations between aesthetics and morality with regard to Kant’s aesthetics, it argues that aesthetic experience is a source of motivation for the continuity of our moral acts. By claiming that natural beauty has superiority in providing mora...
The relation of freedom and evil in Kant’s moral philosophy
Aydın Bayram, Selma; Turan, Şeref Halil; Department of Philosophy (2006)
The purpose of this study is to examine concepts of freedom and evil, and to clarify their relation in terms of Kant’s moral philosophy. In this study, I firstly examine Kant’s understanding of freedom and the problems that this understanding leads to. I also discuss how the concept of freedom can be reconciled with the concept of evil expressed in the form of “propensity to evil”. Additionally, I attempt to show the significance of the notion of evil for Kant’s moral theory. Evil is one of the most critici...
Citation Formats
R. Güremen, “Work and Justice Without Moral Content in Hesiod’s Works and Days,” Felsefe Dünyası, pp. 239–254, 2020, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: