Seismic Isolation of Highway Bridges

Buckle, Ian
Constantinou, Michael
Dicleli, Murat
Ghasemi, Hamid
More than 200 bridges have been designed or retrofitted in the United States using seismic isolation in the last 20 years, and more than a thousand bridges around the world now use this cost-effective technique for seismic protection. Intended to supplement AASHTO’s Guide Specifications for Seismic Isolation Design (1999), this manual presents the principles of isolation for bridges, develops step-by-step methods of analysis, explains material and design issues for elastomeric and sliding isolators, and gives detailed examples of their application to standard highway bridges. Design guidance is given for the lead-rubber isolator, the friction-pendulum isolator, and the Eradiquake isolator, all of which are found in use today in the United States. Guidance on the development of test specifications for these isolators is also given.


Seismic retrofitting of bridges by response modification techniques based on altering bearing fixities
Dicleli, Murat (Informa UK Limited, 2005-07-01)
Feasibility of a proposed seismic retrofitting technique for typical bridges in the Central US has been studied. The retrofitting technique is based on modifying the fixity conditions of the bearings for response modification purposes to eliminate the need for costly retrofitting of substructures. For this purpose, a seismically vulnerable bridge, typical of those in the Central US was selected. Detailed seismic analyses of the bridge were then conducted. It was found that its bearings, wing-walls and pier ...
Experimental investigation of the seismic behaviour of panel buildings
Yüksel, S. Bahadır; Atımtay, Ergin; Department of Civil Engineering (2003)
Shear-wall dominant multi-story reinforced concrete structures, constructed by using a special tunnel form technique are commonly built in countries facing a substantial seismic risk, such as Chile, Japan, Italy and Turkey. In 1999, two severe urban earthquakes struck Kocaeli and Düzce provinces in Turkey with magnitudes (Mw) 7.4 and 7.1, respectively. These catastrophes caused substantial structural damage, casualties and loss of lives. In the aftermath of these destructive earthquakes, neither demolished ...
Seismic response of multi-span highway bridges with two-column reinforced concrete bents including foundation and column flexibility
Yılmaz, Taner; Caner, Alp; Department of Civil Engineering (2008)
Seismic design of highway bridges has improved as a result of the experience gained from large earthquakes of the last thirty years. Ductility demand and reserved capacity are extremely important response measures used in new bridge designs to assess target damage levels. However, the application of practical design approaches specified in bridge design codes is not well-defined for bridges over flexible foundations. Within the scope of this research, thirty two bridge models having varying column aspect ra...
Seismic performance of multisimple-span bridges retrofitted with link slabs
Caner, Alp; Zia, P. (American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2002-03-01)
During earthquakes multisimple-span bridges are vulnerable to span separation at their expansion joints. A common way of preventing unseating of spans is to have cable or rod restrainers that provide connections between adjacent spans. Alternatively, dislocation of the girders can be controlled with a link slab that is the continuous portion of the bridge deck between simple spans. Seismic retrofit with link slab should be more cost-effective than the existing methods when it is performed during redecking o...
Seismic behavior of reinforced autoclaved aerated concrete wall panels
TAGHIPOUR, ARMIN; Canbay, Erdem; Binici, Barış; ALDEMİR, ALPER; Uzgan, Ugur; ERYURTLU, ZAFER (2018-09-01)
Vertical reinforced autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC) panel systems are among attractive alternatives for low‐rise buildings. The popularity of AAC panels in building construction is increasing due to their unique material properties, such as being light weight, good insulator, fire resistant combined with having high speed of erection and ease of quality control. However, past experimental evidence on the seismic response of reinforced vertical panels is rather limited with few tests on multi‐panel specime...
Citation Formats
I. Buckle, M. Constantinou, M. Dicleli, and H. Ghasemi, Seismic Isolation of Highway Bridges. 2006.