Level of imposition and explicit electronic apologies

In the last few decades the number of the world’s population online has increased rapidly and now it is more than one billion (Internet World Stats 2007). The meaning of this development is that every day more and more people start to use the so called internet/electronic language both for business and personal interactions. This rapid progress brings, however, a number of problems for linguists as well as the general public since with the introduction of the new medium, new rules of interaction that are different from the ones followed in the spoken and written modalities have started to emerge (Hatipoğlu 2004, 2006; St. Amant, 2002). Therefore, there is an urgent need for thorough examination of the rules that govern computer-mediated communication (CMC). If the appropriate strategies are not identified and the interlocutors follow different rules of interaction, CMC can turn into a series of misunderstandings finally leading to communication breakdowns. The need for examination becomes even more urgent when apologising is concerned since research shows that it is more sensitive to contextual variables than other speech acts (e.g., requests and complaints, Johnston et al. 1998). However, as far as the author is aware, to date there is not a study examining the rules of apologising in CMC in Turkish. Therefore, this study aims to serve as one of the first steps to filling in this niche by examining whether or not the variable “absolute ranking of imposition” affects the quality of the explicit electronic apologies (i.e., IFIDs=Illocutionary Force Indicting Devices). The current study concentrates only on IFIDs due to three reasons: first, they are the core apologetic behaviour, the major apology strategies in any language (Olshtain & Cohen, 1983), second, differently from the other remedial classes (e.g., offer of repair, promise of forbearance) they are not situation- specific (i.e., they can be utilised in any context, Olshtain & Cohen, 1991). Finally, because the informants in the study are university students with age range 17-24 and research on apologies shows that the members of this age group use IFIDs statistically significantly more often than any other age group (Deutschmann, 2006). It is hoped that by examining this single category of apologies in detail, the study will be able to uncover the various nuances of meaning carried by these “units and to yield interesting cultural information of considerable value for cross cultural comparison” (Hymes, 1972).
14th International Conference on Turkish Linguistics (6 - 08 Ağustos 2008)


Network intrusion detection system with incremental active learning
Bedir Tüzün, Münteha Nur; Angın, Pelin; Department of Computer Engineering (2022-9-14)
While Internet usage has increased every year, it has gained momentum in recent years with the global pandemic. Increasing Internet usage has brought increasing cyber threats. Intrusion detection systems have become more important than ever. The performance of these systems is directly proportional to their adaptiveness to the rapid changes in attack types. However, desired performance cannot always be achieved due to the lack of labeled data on newly developed attacks and the difficulty of incremental lear...
Context of use of home use medical devices: a study on the identification of contextual factors of CPAP devices
Aydın, Merve; Börekçi, Naz Ayşe Güzide Z.; Department of Industrial Design (2014)
World population is getting older and technology is advancing rapidly over the last decades. At the intersection of these changes, there is a growing desire to provide more effective healthcare to the elder population with the help of improving technology. Medical devices have started to become miniaturized, simplified and affordable enough to find their way out of hospitals into homes. This situation has affected the design considerations on medical devices due to the change of the user groups and product ...
Environmental performance of urban patterns in terms of their ecological footprint
Tanrıkulu, Melda; Barlas, Mehmet Adnan; Department of City and Regional Planning (2010)
Within the twenty–first century, nearly three billion people, half of total population of the world, live in cities. It is estimated that in the forthcoming twenty–five years, two billion more people will settle in urban lands. Essentially most of these devastating changes will occur in developing countries, both in terms of the total global urban population as well as increased percentage of the individual country’s population living in urban areas. For many developing countries, the urban population is al...
Redefining Urbanization: In the Views of University Students
Demirci, Sinem; Şahin, Elvan; Teksöz, Gaye (2020-09-25)
More than half of the population are living in cities and the number is increasing. Interactions of urbanization-migration-environment is becoming a great concern since increase in urbanization accelerates migration and environmental problems. Education can be regarded a promising actor to overcome challenges due to these interactions. Accordingly, this study aimed to examine university students’ views on the interactions among urbanization-migration-environment to construct a plan on related educational...
Assessment of recently developed inner city neighborhoods according to sustainable urban planning and design criteria: the case of Çukurambar
Köken, Kayhan; Şenyel Kürkçüoğlu, M. Anıl.; Urban Design in City and Regional Planning Department (2019)
The world population is increasing rapidly while the most significant effects can be observed in cities. Environmental, economic and social problems are increasing continuously along with this urban growth. Classical urban planning and design approaches are no longer sufficient to address these problems. Thus, more sustainable methods are being developed to solve them. Sustainable development concept addressing current environmental, economic and social issues are on the agenda of Turkey, similar to the wor...
Citation Formats
Ç. Hatipoğlu, “Level of imposition and explicit electronic apologies,” 2009, p. 277, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/83194.