Assessment of recently developed inner city neighborhoods according to sustainable urban planning and design criteria: the case of Çukurambar

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2019
Köken, Kayhan
The world population is increasing rapidly while the most significant effects can be observed in cities. Environmental, economic and social problems are increasing continuously along with this urban growth. Classical urban planning and design approaches are no longer sufficient to address these problems. Thus, more sustainable methods are being developed to solve them. Sustainable development concept addressing current environmental, economic and social issues are on the agenda of Turkey, similar to the worldwide approaches. Nowadays, sustainability practices are mostly shaped around development of new urban land or transformation of degraded urban areas, in Turkey. In this process, sustainability of the old neighborhoods and the recently developed neighborhoods are ignored. In order to reach urban sustainability targets, sustainability analysis and necessary improvements should be done in such neighborhoods. The aim of this study is to examine to what extent the newly developed central city neighborhoods are sustainable according to the sustainability criteria, since these neighborhoods are not likely to be transformed in the near future. For this aim, a comparison is made with another neighborhood whose sustainability is certified. First, existing neighborhood sustainability assessment tools are analyzed. Based on these tools, a list of sustainability assessment criteria including local conditions has been developed. Çukurambar Neighborhood, whose spatial plans were prepared in the 1990s and whose construction began in the 2000s, is identified as the case study area. As a result, to what extent Çukurambar Neighborhood is sustainable in accordance with the sustainable neighborhood criteria are revealed with a comparative benchmarking analysis.