Problem Behaviors of Children Under Protection: The Moderating Role of Temperament and Social Support

Memişoğlu Sanlı, Aybegüm
Erel Gözağaç, Sema
Kazak Berument, Sibel
Güneş, Seren
Although being under protection has negative influences on children’s development, studies indicated that some environmental and individual factors play a protective role. Present study examined moderating role of social support as an environmental factor and temperament as an individual factor in the relationship between problem behaviors and rearing condition. Participants were children (8-12 years of age) under protection (N= 129) and their classmates (N= 221). Results suggested that children in care had both higher internalizing (β= .17, p =.003), and externalizing problems (β= .09, p = .014), than their family raised classmates. Perceptual sensitivity negatively associated with internalizing (β= -.15, p = .009), whereas, effortful control negatively associated with externalizing problems(β= -.61, p =.000). Negative affect and care group interaction was significant (β= .18, p =.008). Children with higher negative affect had higher externalizing problems if they are in care (b= 1.50, t= 3.44, p =.001). However, no effect of support has been found, which promted us to conduct further analysis only with children under protection. This time, there was a marginal interaction between teacher support and perceptual sensitivity on externalizing problems (β= .12, p =.090). Children tended to have lower externalizing problems if they are also low on perceptual sensitivity and reported high caregiver support (b= -0.14, t = -1.84, p =.068), however, there was no significant difference in high perceptual sensitivity group. This result suggests a possible protective effect of perceptual sensitivity on externalizing problems. A similar condition appeared for the effortful control and underlined this temperament characteristic as a protective factor for externalizing behaviors, as well (β= .14, p =.044). Perceived support from caregiver tended to protect children from developing externalizing problems if they had low effortful control (b= -0.13, t = -1.90, p =.060). Results will be discussed in the light of the literature.
Citation Formats
A. Memişoğlu Sanlı, S. Erel Gözağaç, S. Kazak Berument, and S. Güneş, “Problem Behaviors of Children Under Protection: The Moderating Role of Temperament and Social Support,” presented at the 19. Avrupa Gelişim Psikolojisi Konferansı (29 Ağustos - 01 Eylül 2019), Athens, Greece, 2019, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: