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Towards Using Human-Computer Interaction Research for Advancing Intelligent Built Environments: A Review

Topak, Fatih
Pekeriçli, Mehmet Koray
For many years, primitive building components that are almost entirely transparent with their simple logic and physical interfaces (i.e., light switches, operable windows) provided occupants sophisticated opportunities to regulate indoor environmental conditions including temperature, lighting, and air quality. However, as buildings are expected to incorporate more automated services, intelligent applications, and artificial intelligence in the near future along with the improvements in the field, it is foreseen that conventional touch-input modalities will be subjected to change and there will be a radical transition in the way people interact with the built environment. The field of human-computer interaction (HCI), which is a multidisciplinary research domain focusing on human aspects of the developments in computer technology, holds a great potential to assert its expertise for creating human-centered solutions in the process of integrating novel technological applications to buildings. The main aim of this research, therefore, is to understand and assess how the accumulation of knowledge in the HCI research field can be utilized in studying new interaction modalities in intelligent built environments. In this direction, it is intended to review the applicable research methodologies that can be derived from the HCI research community to envision the gradual change in human experiences with and within the buildings alongside the advancements in information, communication, sensor, and actuation technologies.