Eleştirel Gerçekçilik: Uluslararası İlişkiler Kuramında Post-Pozitivizm Sonrası Aşama

2010-02-01
Eleştirel gerçekçilik Uluslararası İlişkiler kuramının gündemine artan bir şekilde yerleşen bir bilim felsefesidir. Uluslararası İlişkiler kuramı açısından en önemli özelliği uluslarası ilişkilerin incelenmesinde odak noktasını epistemolojiden ontolojiye kaydırmasıdır. Eleştirel gerçekçiliğin materyalist ontolojisine göre kişilerin gözlem ve duyumlarından bağımsız bir gerçek vardır. Bu, gerçeği gözlemlenebilen olgularla sınırlayan pozitivist bilim anlayışına olduğu kadar gerçeğin dilsel ya da söylemsel olduğunu ileri süren post-pozitivist yaklaşımlara da alternatif bir bilim felsefesidir. Eleştirel gerçekçilik uluslararası ilişkileri farklı ontolojik derinliği olan bir toplumsal ilişkiler bütününün parçası olarak görmekte, uluslararası yapıları toplumsal ilişkiler açısından tanımlamakta, yapı ile yapıyı oluşturan birimler arasındaki ilişkiyi dönüşümsel bir toplumsal eylem modeli etrafında geliştirerek hem iradeciliğin hem de yeni-gerçekçi yapısalcılığın tek yanlı determinizmine alternatif bir yaklaşımın ilkelerini sunmaktadır.
Uluslararasi İlişkiler-International Relations

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Citation Formats
F. Yalvaç, “Eleştirel Gerçekçilik: Uluslararası İlişkiler Kuramında Post-Pozitivizm Sonrası Aşama,” Uluslararasi İlişkiler-International Relations, pp. 3–32, 2010, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: https://dergipark.org.tr/download/article-file/540019.