Waste Generation in Primary and Secondary Aluminum Sector in Turkey

2017-06-21
Küçük, Elif
Danacı, Dilara
Yetiş, Ülkü
Aluminum is the most produced and used metal following steel in the world because of its combination of physical properties. Aluminum is produced in two ways; primary aluminum production and secondary aluminum production. The main objectives of this study are to find out waste generation in aluminum industry, to determine waste generation factors(WGFs)and to suggest best available techniquesfor the management of wastes from this activity. Fordetermination of waste generation in primary and secondary aluminum sectors in Turkey, aluminum producers were listed and examined,in terms of their production processes, raw materials, production capacities, waste types and waste generation steps. In addition, field studies were carried out for on-site examination of both primary and secondary aluminum producers. After that, wastes were identified based on literature review and field studiesusing the waste list defined by European Commission as a base (Commission Decision 2000/532/EC).Then, range forWGFsfor both primary and secondary aluminum sectors in Turkey were determined based on literature review, field studies and declared amount of wastes to the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization.When the waste generation in primary and secondary aluminum production was assessed, it isseen thatsecondary aluminum production generates high quantities of hazardous wastes whereas generated amount of total wastes is considerably higher in the primary production.Within the scope of this study, best available techniquesthat can be adopted to the Turkish aluminum industryfor a better management of the wastes generatedwere also investigated.
Citation Formats
E. Küçük, D. Danacı, and Ü. Yetiş, “Waste Generation in Primary and Secondary Aluminum Sector in Turkey,” presented at the 5th International Conference on Sustainable Solid Waste Management, 2017, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/85854.