Ontolojik natüralizm ve yöntemsel natüralizm birbirini dışlar: deneysel parapsikolojinin düşündürdükleri üzerine

Tümkaya, Serdal
In analytic Western philosophy, it is said to be two versions of naturalism. The first one is ontological and the second is methodological. Ontological version suggests that there are no supernatural entities. The methodological one argues that there are or should be no categorical distinctions between philosophy and science. I, herein, argue that these two versions exclude each other. Here are my major reasons. What is to be acknowledged as supernatural or natural cannot be foreknown. Science is subject to an everlasting revision both in terms of theories and values. Philosophers such as Quine or Philipp Frank even suggested that “If I saw indirect explanatory benefit in positing … spirits … I would joyfully accord them scientific status” (Quine) or if formulated in an untestable way “all things are material, that there is no spirit” would become a metaphysical hypothesis (Frank).
VIII. Mantık Çalıştayı Kitabı


Ünlü, Hikmet (2020-01-01)
There are several passages in the Metaphysics where Aristotle explains ontological priority in terms of ontological dependence, but there are others where he seems to adopt a teleological conception of ontological priority. It is sometimes maintained that the latter priority too must be construed in terms of the former, or that the priorities in question arc not both endorsed (or simultaneously endorsed) by Aristotle. The goal of this paper is to show otherwise; I argue that what is at issue are two distinc...
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Naturalistic philosophers of meaning try to define the recalcitrant concept of reference in terms respected by the empirical science, such as causality or teleology. In this thesis, after a brief introduction to these trials is given, Fodors theory of content in terms of asymmetric dependence is examined in some depth. I claim that although this theory involves an important insight, it is an unsatisfactory attempt at reduction of the notion of reference. I develop a new theory of content, which does not hav...
The Relationship of art and truth in the philosophy of Heidegger /
Kurt, Fikret; Ceylan, Yasin; Department of Philosophy (2014)
Revolutionary vision of Heidegger’s philosophy is rooted into the unthinking of the history of philosophy, and his extraordinary endeavor is to unravel whatever remained ignored under the courses of traditional philosophy: The meaning of the question of Being. By interrogating the meaning of the question of Being, Heidegger traces back to reveal the essential horizons related to the origin of thought and truth. Heidegger criticizes the traditional understanding of truth based on correspondence theory of tru...
Predication in Aristotle's Categories: A Response to Plato's Theory of Forms
Duran, Zeynep; Güremen, Refik; Department of Philosophy (2021-10-4)
This study aims to provide a textual evidence to the idea of reading the Categories of Aristotle as a criticism of the Platonic Theory of Forms, by means of Metaphysics, A, 9, 990b22-991a8 and Alexander’s commentary on it (88,5-95,2). According to the main examples of this reading from the contemporary literature, the predication theory of the Categories, conceiving being as “being something” and holding the idea that “being is said in many ways,” denies the Platonic predication theory that is expounded by ...
Citation Formats
S. Tümkaya, “Ontolojik natüralizm ve yöntemsel natüralizm birbirini dışlar: deneysel parapsikolojinin düşündürdükleri üzerine,” Zonguldak, Turkey, 2018, p. 463, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/86816.