Examining autobiographical memory characteristics through relationship stories: the role of gender and memory type

Kara, Demet
Autobiographical memories have often been investigated in self context whereas other-related memories are important components of self-in-relation to others. This study explored young adults’ personally significant and relationship memories. Forty-six young adults from Turkey and 31 young adults from the USA, aged 18-25, participated in Study 1A and 1B, respectively. In these two studies, participants narrated about their sibling relationship quality and turning points in their relationships. The major purposes of these two studies were to validate sibling relationships as an autobiographical memory context and to develop a new coding scheme for use with relationship memories. Results revealed that siblings were able to produce recounts of turning points in their sibling relationships. These turning-point memories revealed similar characteristics with prior research. Following this, in Study 2, young adults from Turkey (N=100) wrote about memories of three different events which were self-significant, sibling-significant, and family-significant. The major purposes of this study were to explore these significant-event narratives as a function of gender and memory type. We predicted a main effect of memory type, gender, and an interaction between self and sibling gender. Linear mixed model analyses revealed no systematic difference between females’ and males’ significant-event memories either for the main or interaction effects. Yet, memories varied on level of detail, transformativeness, emotional valence, and tone dimensions across memory types. Personally significant memories scored higher on most of these dimensions whereas sibling-significant and family-significant memories represented similar characteristics. These two memory types both characterize relationship narratives, and sibling narratives are particularly informative about developmental details of adolescence and emerging adulthood periods as well as sibling relationships.


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Şengül (Boyacıoğlu), İnci; Sümer, Nebi; Department of Psychology (2006)
The purpose of the present study is to investigate the relationships among accepting and reminiscing the past, attachment dimensions, and autobiographical memory. University students (N=182) participated to the study (105 women, 77 men). The relationships among attachment anxiety, avoidance, accepting and reminiscing the past, and autobiographical memory were examined within the context of emotionally charged memories and the phenomenological properties of the recalled autobiographical memories, such as the...
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Research on the development of autobiographical memory has documented the important role of mother–child conversations about past events in shaping children’s memory development. To observe mother–child reminiscing in the natural environment, researchers often conduct home visits. This research methods case focuses on a study in which we visited the homes of mothers and their young children in three diverse cultural settings and recorded their conversations about shared past and anticipated future events. W...
Age related changes in recognition memory for emotional stimuli
Kılıç, Aslı; Gökçay, Didem; Department of Cognitive Sciences (2007)
Recognition memory - a type of episodic memory in long term memory - is known in the literature to be affected by emotion, aging and the modality of the presented stimuli. The major aim of this study was to investigate whether emotional stimuli enhances recognition memory. Another goal was to observe whether modality and aging effects are present and differentiable in a non-Western subject sample. In literature, emotion studies were based on mainly two dimensions of emotions: valence and arousal. However, t...
Memory as a tool for conservation in historical heritage sites: the case of Selçuk, İzmir /
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Memory has an important role in strengthening the connection of people with place.Places, those have lost their memories, consequently loses their connections,meanings and values for the contemporary society. As a value-based process, forconservation of heritage places it is necessary that the society have still connections and the sense of belonging. Hence, revealing the memories of the heritage places can be utilized as a tool for their conservation. Accordingly, this thesis focuses on use of memory as a ...
Sol, Ayhan (2007-06-22)
In this essay, we investigate the relevance of memory to personal identity and moral responsibility. In so doing, we make a distinction between personal identity characterized by the continuity of memory and narrative self-identity characterized by bio-physical continuity and connectedness which allows us to examine moral responsibility in the presence and absence of memory. We argue that memory provides direct access to our past experiences which one immediately appropriates, in contrast to imputing our un...
Citation Formats
D. Kara, “Examining autobiographical memory characteristics through relationship stories: the role of gender and memory type,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2021.