Construction and re-construction of cultural codes through political violence: the case of Kurdish nationalism

Download
2021-3-11
Önenli Güven, Merve
In this thesis, the aim was to explore and understand the discursive construction of Kurdish identity in 1970s. 1970s was determined for the period of the research because with 1970s, discourses on being Kurdish had been re-constructed with re-invented constituents. In this period, there had been the re-definition and re-construction of cultural subjects through political frames. Hence, it is aimed to reveal identity-society relation through how collective identity was produced by the formation of collective emotions, collective memory and collective action with the inclusion of discourse on violence in the Kurdish case. In this way, this thesis attempted to explain how feelings on ethnicity can turn into nationalistic movements. Özgürlük Yolu (Freedom Path), which was a monthly published journal that had been printed between 1975-1979 was selected as the source, in order to search for in the re-organization of socio-cultural and political life of Kurdish people; how Kurdish culture was re-interpreted, what kind of a discourse on culture was produced by the integration of political issues and did this discourse include narratives on violence by using CDA and Maxqda software technique. It was observed that in the journal of Özgürlük Yolu (Freedom Path) Kurdish cultural aspects were re-interpreted and combined by ethnic-national constituents. Kurdish culture that had been re-constructed was not the folk culture as it had been experienced in everyday life, but a culture that was invented through the establishment of a discourse on violence that carry nationalist connotations.

Suggestions

Construction of 'new worker' in the post 1980 Turkey: an analysis of discourse of Türk-İş, Hak-İş and Disk
Deli, Volkan; Beşpınar Akgüner, Fatma Umut; Department of Sociology (2010)
This study aims at understanding the discursiveness of Türk-İş, Hak-İş and DİSK against the neoliberal policies textually and discursively shaped by the governments and employers in the years between 1980 and 2003 in Turkey. In this sense, Norman Fairclough's critical discourse analysis and Laclau and Mouffe's discourse theory constitute the theoretical framework of this study. In this theoretical perspective, this study analyzes discourses of the labor confederations in four historical moments called Janua...
Consolidation of Jordanian national identity: “rethinking internal unrest and external challenges in shaping Jordanian identity and foreign policy”
Köprülü, Nur; Altunışık, Meliha; Department of International Relations (2007)
This thesis analyzes the impact of two external challenges, the Palestinian dimension and the outbreak of al-Aqsa intifada, and the US war in Iraq in transforming the politics of identity in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. The Kingdom of Jordan, created as a part of post-war settlement in 1921, considered as the most ‘artifical’ among all the states in the Middle East that has been successfully consolidated. Since Jordan was not the ancestral land of Hashemite family, the establishment of the Kingdom of Jo...
The 'Kurdish question' in Turkey From the Perspectives of Kurdish University students
Effeney, Elizabeth; Erdemir, Aykan; Department of Middle East Studies (2009)
This thesis is concerned with extrapolating some central issues of the so-called “Kurdish Question” in the Republic of Turkey by applying political anthropological theory and methodologies. It attempts to guage the political identities of five Kurdish University students and understand their perspectives on what constitutes and propogates Kurdish political discontents in the Republic. The following research questions have been addressed: How is Turkey‟s “Kurdish question” (Kürt Meselesi) perceived and defin...
The Discourse structure of Turkish
Demirşahin, Işın; Zeyrek Bozşahin, Deniz; Department of Cognitive Sciences (2015)
This thesis investigates the structure of immediate discourse in Turkish. The first and fore- most question is how discourse is built. Are there components of discourse that constitute a predicate-argument structure, or is discourse realized by underlying non-structural ties that are merely made explicit by these components? If there is structure in discourse, what is the nature of this structure, and what is its complexity? For this purpose, we analyze the relations annotated in the Turkish Discourse Bank,...
Continuity and change in nationalist discourse in Albania during national awakening, communism and post-communism periods
Sulstarova, Enis; Akçalı, Pınar; Department of Political Science and Public Administration (2002)
This thesis analyses the nationalist discourse in Albania during three periods of its modern history: National Awakening (1878-1912), Communism (1944-1990) and Post-Communism (1990-2002). The aim is, with the help of recent scientific literature on the subject of nationalism, to investigate the continuities and changes in nationalist discourse in Albania and the socio-political reasons behind them.
Citation Formats
M. Önenli Güven, “Construction and re-construction of cultural codes through political violence: the case of Kurdish nationalism,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2021.