Automated integration of real-time and non-real-time defense systems

Dalkiran, Emre
Onel, Tolga
Oğuztüzün, Mehmet Halit S.
Demir, Kadir Alpaslan
Various application domains require the integration of distributed real-time or near-real-time systems with non-real-time systems. Smart cities, smart homes, ambient intelligent systems, or network-centric defense systems are among these application domains. Data Distribution Service (DDS) is a communi-cation mechanism based on Data-Centric Publish-Subscribe (DCPS) model. It is used for distributed systems with real-time operational constraints. Java Message Service (JMS) is a messaging standard for enterprise systems using Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) for non-real-time operations. JMS allows Java programs to exchange messages in a loosely coupled fashion. JMS also supports sending and receiving messages using a messaging queue and a publish-subscribe interface. In this article, we pro -pose an architecture enabling the automated integration of distributed real-time and non-real-time systems. We test our proposed architecture using a distributed Command, Control, Communications, Computers, and Intelligence (C4I) system. The system has DDS-based real-time Combat Management System components deployed to naval warships, and SOA-based non-real-time Command and Control components used at headquarters. The proposed solution enables the exchange of data between these two systems efficiently. We compare the proposed solution with a similar study. Our solution is superior in terms of automation support, ease of implementation, scalability, and performance.


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Citation Formats
E. Dalkiran, T. Onel, M. H. S. Oğuztüzün, and K. A. Demir, “Automated integration of real-time and non-real-time defense systems,” DEFENCE TECHNOLOGY, pp. 657–670, 2021, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: