An Inquiry on the Architecture of Production: From Mills to Machine Landscapes

Güler, İlayda
Anthropocene is the present geological epoch in which human-built infrastructures dominate the resources of the world and highest levels of human intrusion to the ecosystems have been accumulated since the Industrial Revolution. Utilisation of the steam engine initiated change in energy sources and extraction of raw materials that altered the existent means of production and led to the hegemony of industrial activities. The spread and growth of industry prevailed onto the practice of architecture to construct rapidly developing bases of production, storage, and distribution. Therefrom, physical embodiments of these bases as an overall system enable to relate energy, labour, and technology as fundamental elements of industry with the discourse of architecture. Hence, this thesis studies three determined architectural typologies -mills, daylight factories, machine landscapes- for the evolution of production by a historical literature survey and comparative analysis of multiple cases with the compiled architectural documentation including photographs, drawings, and diagrams. Chronologically organised cases from different industrial periods reflect the altering nature of energy, labour, and technology regarding means of production, construction techniques, and materials. Acting as design parameters through the spatial transformation from mills to daylight factories, and now to machine landscapes, these relations indicate the interdependency between architecture and industry, and allow to formulate further spatial entities for production.
Citation Formats
İ. Güler, “An Inquiry on the Architecture of Production: From Mills to Machine Landscapes,” M.Arch. - Master of Architecture, Middle East Technical University, 2021.