An Assessment of energy efficient and climate sensitive urban design principles: design proposals for residential city blocks in temperate arid and hot humid regions

Karagöz, Damla
Environmental problems caused by urbanization and industrialization processes have almost irreversibly damaged the ecological balance in the natural environment. In the 21st century, when half of the worlds population has become urban, the links between urbanization and environmental problems gained more attention and the search for measures and solutions to address the negative impacts of urban development on natural environment increased. Global warming and climate change, the major challenges that contemporary societies face today, have strengthened the links between urban development and environmental problems. Energy efficiency in urban buildings is quite an important issue for Turkey that is highly dependent on foreign sources for energy supply. In this respect, energy efficient and climate sensitive urban design practices have to be developed and implemented extensively to prepare Turkish cities for the future. In this study, energy efficient and climate sensitive urban design principles (or parameters) have been compiled and assessed with the aim of understanding the merits and benefits they deliver to redevelop inner city residential city blocks in more environmental-friendly manner. Two residential city blocks that comprise high-rise apartments within an inner city quarter in Ankara have been selected as the case study area to apply the design principles. Various urban design proposals have been developed for temperate arid and hot humid climatic regions, and the benefits, constraints and shortcomings of each proposal have been evaluated. The study also aims to help urban planning and design practitioners by means of the lessons derived for redevelopment of inner city residential quarters in Turkish cities. 


A data-driven approach for predicting solar energy potential of buildings in urban fabric
Duran, Ayça; Gürsel Dino, İpek; Department of Architecture (2022-7)
Energy-efficient buildings that use clean and sustainable energy sources are urgently needed to reduce the environmental impact of buildings and mitigate climate change in cities. Buildings have great potential in harvesting solar energy by their solar exposure capacity. Developments in PV technologies also encourage the integration of PV systems into architectural applications. However, urban contexts can limit solar energy generation capacity of buildings by shading building envelopes and reducing availab...
An Inquiry on the Architecture of Production: From Mills to Machine Landscapes
Güler, İlayda; Kömez Dağlıoğlu, Esin; Department of Architecture (2021-7-02)
Anthropocene is the present geological epoch in which human-built infrastructures dominate the resources of the world and highest levels of human intrusion to the ecosystems have been accumulated since the Industrial Revolution. Utilisation of the steam engine initiated change in energy sources and extraction of raw materials that altered the existent means of production and led to the hegemony of industrial activities. The spread and growth of industry prevailed onto the practice of architecture to constru...
An investigation on wind energy potential and small scale wind turbine performance at Incek region - Ankara, Turkey
Bilir, Levent; İmir, Mehmet; Devrim, Yilser; Albostan, Ayhan (2015-10-01)
Renewable energy resources increased their importance in the last decades due to environmental pollution problems. Additionally, the fact that fossil fuels such as oil, coal, and natural gas will be depleted in near future encourages researchers to make investigations on alternative energy resources. Wind energy, which is one of the most used alternative resources, has a great potential. In this study, Weibull parameters at Incek region of Ankara (the capital city of Turkey), where /intim University campus ...
Land-cut versus landfill as an alternative for creating urban space on waterfronts
Yazıcı, Murat; Günay, Baykan; Department of City and Regional Planning (2010)
The main concern of this thesis is to evaluate the land-cut as an alternative urban design tool instead of landfill in the creation of shore in waterfront areas in terms of improving space quality, increasing the shoreline length for the use and benefit of public, decreasing the risks of natural disasters while increasing the marine ecosystem and habitat, and promoting the development of the land economy. The development of the idea dates back to an urban design studio study carried out in 2005 in Eceabat, ...
Comparing environmental impacts of four building envelope configurations using e-Tool LCA
Fazlı, Torkan; Elias Özkan, Soofia Tahira; Department of Building Science in Architecture (2013)
Environmental degradation and exhaustion of nonrenewable resources are the unavoidable results of the era we live in. Fortunately, awareness regarding these impacts has increased and so has actions aiming to reduce the related environmental impacts. Building construction industry is one of the important contributors and one of the major consumers of natural resources. Building material selection plays an important role in sustainable building design. Reducing environmental impacts of building materials espe...
Citation Formats
D. Karagöz, “An Assessment of energy efficient and climate sensitive urban design principles: design proposals for residential city blocks in temperate arid and hot humid regions,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2016.