The impact of perceived relative deprivation on health-related outcomes: Mediating roles of locus of control and length of unemployment & moderating roles of dispositional optimism and perceived social support

2021-9
Güvenç, İrem Berna
Relative deprivation is a feeling that arises when individuals perceive a deficiency of a deserved outcome in themselves compared to others similar. Previous research suggested that since feeling relative deprivation leads to an unpleasant psychological state, this feeling deteriorates physical and psychological health. Unemployment can be regarded as a significant agent for the feeling of relative deprivation. The primary purpose of the present thesis was to investigate the relation between perceived relative deprivation and health outcomes among unemployed individuals. In this relation, mediating roles of locus of control and length of unemployment and moderating roles of dispositional optimism and perceived social support aimed to be explored. Before conducting the main study, Turkish adaptation study of the Personal Relative Deprivation Scale (PRDS) was performed, and Turkish version of PRDS was found as a reliable and valid measure with good psychometric properties. The main study was conducted with 402 unemployed participants. Results of the regression analyses showed that perceiving relative deprivation was related to worse physical and psychological health. Findings of the mediation analyses indicated that externality in locus of control significantly mediated the relation between perceived relative deprivation and physical and psychological health; however, length of unemployment mediated this relation only for physical health. Regarding the protective roles of dispositional optimism and perceived social support, moderation analyses were not significant. The findings of the analyses were discussed based on the existing literature. Strengths, practical implications, limitations of the present study, and suggestions for future research were presented.

Suggestions

THE EFFECT OF LOCUS OF CONTROL IN RESPONSIBILITY AMONG PARTICIPANTS WITH TRAUMATIC EVENT HISTORY
Topcu, Merve; Köroğlu, Deniz; İnceler, Yusuf Coşku; Gençöz, Faruk (null; 2019-05-04)
Individuals’ causal attributions between their behavior and a reward determine their future behaviors(LoC). When individual perceive limited control over an action, then the behavior appraised as a result of luck, and fate, as under the control of powerful others, or as unpredictable. It is called external LoC. When the event is perceived as contingent upon his/her behavior, it is internal LoC. Traumatic events are defined as disruptive to the daily routine, develop suddenly and unexpectedly, create horror,...
The Relationships of physical exercise, optimism and health locus of control
Akkoyun, Mine; Tezer, Esin; Department of Educational Sciences (2002)
The purpose of the present study is to investigate the relationships of physical exercise, optimism, and health locus of control. The sample consisted of 300 (185 female, 115 male) students who volunteered to participate in the study, from different departments of Faculty of Education of the Middle East Technical University (METU). Three instruments, namely, Life Orientation Test (LOT), Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Scale (MHLC), and a questionnaire assessing different aspects of physical exercis...
Indirect Relationship between Egoistic Relative Deprivation and Subjective Well-Being
ÖZDEMİR, FATİH; Tekes, Burcu; Öner Özkan, Bengi (2019-01-01)
The present study investigates the possible variables that explain subjective well-being based on Relative Deprivation Theory. In this regard, the first purpose of the study is to focus on the qualitative characteristic of the desired outcome and examine whether the types of material and emotional egoistic relative deprivation exhibit a differentiated relationship with subjective well-being. The second purpose is to test the possible mediating role of perceived intrinsic strength and perceived extrinsic str...
The Relationship between perfectionism and depression: mediator roles of perceived social support and mattering
Kumpasoğlu, Güler Beril; Karancı, A. Nuray.; Department of Psychology (2019)
The main aim of this study was to investigate the nature of the relationship between perfectionism and depression according to Perfectionism Social Disconnection Model and to explore the mediator roles of perceived social support and mattering on this relationship. 343 students from the Middle East Technical University participated the study. Beck Depression Inventory, the Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale, the Perfectionistic Self Presentation Scale, the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Suppor...
The relationship among individual differences in individualism-collectivism, extraversion, and self-presentation
Arpaci, Ibrahim; Baloğlu, Mustafa; Kesici, Sahin (2018-01-15)
Individualism versus collectivism as an aspect of culture and extraversion as an aspect of personality may help explain self-presentation attitudes, intentions, and behaviors on social networking sites. Thus, this study aims to investigate the individual differences and relationships among individualism versus collectivism, extraversion, and self-presentation attitudes, intentions, and behaviors. The Individualism-Collectivism Scale and the Big Five Personality Scale were used to collect the data from 311 c...
Citation Formats
İ. B. Güvenç, “The impact of perceived relative deprivation on health-related outcomes: Mediating roles of locus of control and length of unemployment & moderating roles of dispositional optimism and perceived social support,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2021.