The use of blockchain technology in public administration: implications for Turkey

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2021-10
Pekdemir, Emine
This study aims to evaluate the academic literature and current blockchain implementations in public administration in the Republic of Korea, Estonia, Australia, United Kingdom and Israel, to discover possible opportunities, challenges and implementation areas of this technology for Turkish public administration. The selection of the countries is based on the UN EGDI and the OECD STI Scoreboard. In the first part, the features of blockchain technology and the academic literature were analyzed. Then, strategic documents and examples of blockchain implementations in public administration in the above-mentioned countries were examined. According to analyses, the potential advantages of blockchain for Turkey, possible implementation areas, and challenges of blockchain implementation in Turkish public administration were identified. The study suggests that Turkey is in the preliminary stage for the implementation of the blockchain technology. Potentially, blockchain can be implemented in the areas of land registry education, voting, identity management, healthcare, supply chain management, energy, IoT, and public finance management in Turkey. Additionally, it may be applicable to certain e-government services, such as drivers’ license renewal or obtaining vaccine passports. On the other hand, the permanent and unalterable storage of sensitive citizen information can threaten privacy in different ways. In addition, there can be organizational challenges in implementation due to the bureaucratic culture. Therefore, usage areas should be considered in detail before implementation. Country examples reveal that conducting proof of concept and pilot studies in Turkey has importance for the implementation of the blockchain and ICTs, especially regarding the initial coin offerings and digital money.

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Citation Formats
E. Pekdemir, “The use of blockchain technology in public administration: implications for Turkey,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2021.