Perceived justice in marriage: The effects of justice sensitivity, ambivalent sexism, and gender

Şaklar, Zeynep
How perceived justice in marriage (PJM) affects variables such as relationship satisfaction, commitment, and maintenance behavior have been studied extensively in the psychology literature. However, there is very little research about the factors that affect PJM. Therefore, this dissertation aims to test potential antecedents of PJM. Thus, based on the justice and gender psychology literature, justice sensitivity, ambivalent sexism, and gender were examined as the possible factors. A sequential mixed-method research design was conducted. In the first phase, qualitative data was collected through in-depth interviews with married females (N = 7) and males (N = 7) to gain comprehensive understanding about perceptions of marital justice. Based on these findings, a new Perceived Justice in Marriage Scale was developed which consisted four subscales: communicative, interpersonal, procedural, and distributive justice. The quantitative study was carried out using this scale. The survey data was obtained from married women (N = 218) and men (N = 134). The results showed that women perceived significantly less overall and distributive justice in their marriage compared to men. Moreover, beneficiary justice sensitivity was a significant predictor of all PJM factors except distributive justice while victim justice sensitivity significantly predicted perceived communicative, interpersonal and overall justice. Besides, benevolent sexism did not predict any PJM variables while hostile sexism was a significant predictor only for perceived procedural justice. However, the associations of ambivalent sexism and justice sensitivity with PJM were very low. The study findings and limitations were discussed along with contributions and directions for future research.


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Citation Formats
Z. Şaklar, “Perceived justice in marriage: The effects of justice sensitivity, ambivalent sexism, and gender,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2021.