Spatial variation of elderly population and its dynamics in Turkey

Şenbil, Metin
Yetişkul Şenbil, Emine
As the world population is getting older, care for elderly and procurement to their special needs gains importance for both national and local governments. Therefore, distribution of elderly population and their (residential) mobility behaviours gains importance to improve policies coupled in this respect. However, although demographic processes can easily be monitored and projected over time for a country, estimating distribution of certain population cohorts over space (elderly population in our case) entails difficulties. Indeed, elderly population does not show a uniform distribution in space. This study investigates spatial variation and dynamics of elderly population in Turkey, where elderly population is percolating unevenly in space. We devise two complementary ANCOVA models and a structural equations model, which suggest a disproportionate and growing share of elderly in small, inner and coastal areas, especially sun-belt coastal districts. We conclude the study with prospective policies for elderly for central and local governments. Our findings suggest inclusive and attentive policies geared to spatial reflections of demographic processes. In particular, we favour policies focused on improved services for the elderly and spatial planning considering special populations groups, one of which is elderly population.


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Demands and expectations for health care have gradually increased with the longer life expectancy and decline in birth rate, however the resources reserved for health services are relatively limited. The countries with aging population problems are trying to develop new systems to obtain more effective usage of current resources. The aging population and resultant chronic illnesses has become a real problem for Turkey as well. The increase in elderly population results in more demand for health care because...
Self management of patients with ankylosing spondylitis through a personal health system
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Today, the growth in the number of aged people in the European population imposes an increasing burden on the healthcare systems. Accordingly, the number of people suffering from chronic conditions continues rising, which leads to an increasing demand for health care services and the subsequent cost pressure on the systems. In this environment, the citizens', especially chronic patients’, contribution to their own treatment is crucial to ensure future health care supply in ageing society. Patient empowermen...
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İmamoğlu, Vacit (2015-01-01)
Although the annual rate of population growth is decreasing in Turkey, the rate of aging population growth is increasing. This article presents an overview of the current living environments of Turkish elderly and provides some suggestions for improving their physical environments. Because of the strong family ties among Turkish family members, a kind of psychologically extended family living seems to continue and parents prefer to live next door to their children. Still, the position of the elderly seems s...
Citation Formats
M. Şenbil and E. Yetişkul Şenbil, “Spatial variation of elderly population and its dynamics in Turkey,” POPULATION SPACE AND PLACE, pp. 0–0, 2021, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: