Electrochemical Performance of (MgCoNiZn)(1-x)LixO High-Entropy Oxides in Lithium-Ion Batteries

2020-05-01
Lökçü, Ersu
Toparlı, Çiğdem
Anık, Mustafa
High-entropy oxides (HEOs), which are a new class of single-phase solid solution materials, have recently attracted significant attention as an anode material for lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). In this study, (MgCoNiZn)(1-x)LixO (x = 0.05, 0.15, 0.25, and 0.35) HEOs were synthesized and their electrochemical performances as the anode material were observed in LIBs. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis showed that the increase in the lithium cation concentration causes generation of more oxygen vacancies, which greatly affected the electrochemical performance of (MgCoNiZn)(1-x)LixO HEO anodes, in the structure. The more the oxygen vacancy concentration in the anode, the higher the discharge capacity in the LIB. The (MgCoNiZn)(0.65)Li0.35O anode had 1930 mA h g(-1) initial and 610 mA h g(-1) stable (after 130 cycles) discharge capacities at a current density of 1000 mA g(-1). This work clearly indicated that designing a HEO with abundant oxygen vacancies in the structure was a very efficient strategy to improve the electrochemical performance of the HEO electrode for LIBs.
ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES

Suggestions

Nanomaterial-Enhanced All-Solid Flexible Zinc-Carbon Batteries
Hiralal, Pritesh; Imaizumi, Shinji; Ünalan, Hüsnü Emrah; Matsumoto, Hidetoshi; Minagawa, Mie; Rouvala, Markku; Tanioka, Akihiko; Amaratunga, Gehan A. J. (2010-05-01)
Solid-state and flexible zinc carbon (or Leclanche) batteries are fabricated using a combination of functional nanostructured materials for optimum performance. Flexible carbon nanofiber mats obtained by electrospinning are used as a current collector and cathode support for the batteries. The cathode layer consists of manganese oxide particles combined with single-walled carbon nanotubes for improved conductivity. A polyethylene oxide layer containing titanium oxide nanoparticles forms the electrolyte laye...
DEVELOPMENT OF BORIDES/BORATES FOR ENERGY STORAGE DEVICES
Bahtiyar, Doruk; Aydınol, Mehmet Kadri; Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering (2022-9)
For many years, materials in the form of metal sulfides, oxides, phosphates, and titanates have been developed as cathode and anode active materials to be used in energy storage devices. Borides and borates, recently, attracted the attention of researchers in this field. In this study, for the development of a new class of materials for energy storage applications, synthesis and characterization of metal (Fe, Mo, Mn, and V) borides and (Mn, and Y)borates were carried out. The obtained materials were tested ...
Polystyrene-based and carbon fabrİc-reİnforced polymer composİtes containing carbon nanotubes: preparation,modification and characterization
Erkmen, Berrak; Bayram, Göknur; Department of Chemical Engineering (2020-11-23)
Carbon Fabric-Reinforced Polymers (CFRPs) attract attention due to their high mechanical properties, electrical conductivity, and providing weight reduction solutions in aerospace, automotive, marine, and energy industries. Since recycling, long processing times, non-visible damages, and complex repair procedures of thermoset-based CFRPs cause problems, studies are performed on the application of thermoplastic-based CFRPs. This study aims to produce polystyrene (PS)-based and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and car...
Wearable supercapacitors based on nickel tungstate decorated commercial cotton fabrics
Hekmat, Farzaneh; Tutel, Yusuf; Ünalan, Hüsnü Emrah (2020-07-01)
Symmetric supercapacitors (SSCs) with remarkable energy storing capability, high specific power as well as long-term cyclic stability were fabricated from nickel tungstate (NiWO4) @ nickel oxide (NiOx) decorated commercial cotton fabrics (CCFs). A commercial cotton-based textile was first made conductive by the state of the art ultrasonic spray coating method. This was followed by chemical and electrochemical processes to decorate activated CCFs with NiO(x)and NiWO4, respectively. The assembled SSCs had the...
Titanium-magnesium based composites: Mechanical properties and in-vitro corrosion response in Ringer's solution
ESEN, ZİYA; Dikici, Burak; Duygulu, Ozgur; Dericioğlu, Arcan Fehmi (Elsevier BV, 2013-06-20)
Ti-Mg composite rods exhibiting both bioinert and biodegradable characteristics have been manufactured by hot rotary swaging from elemental powders of titanium and magnesium. As a result of processing, spherical magnesium powders elongated in the direction of deformation and the dendritic structure in starting magnesium powders transformed into highly equiaxed grains. Magnesium particles in the outer layer of the composites were decorated by thin layer of MgO while the interior parts were free from oxides. ...
Citation Formats
E. Lökçü, Ç. Toparlı, and M. Anık, “Electrochemical Performance of (MgCoNiZn)(1-x)LixO High-Entropy Oxides in Lithium-Ion Batteries,” ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES, vol. 12, no. 21, pp. 23860–23866, 2020, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/94159.