Determinants of Regional Innovation in Turkish NUTS 3 Regions from the Spatial Dependence Perspective

Varış, Sıla Ceren
Combining the existing knowledge in different ways, production, and absorption of the new knowledge, and transformation of all these into innovation in a region are the main driving forces of regional economic performance and connect the region with national and international economies. The relationship of innovation with space has been the subject of many disciplines as economics, regional science, and planning. Innovation is defined as the innovation outputs accepted as an indicator of the knowledge base in the region when the literature within the scope of this study is consulted. This research aims to reveal the key components that affect innovation outputs in 81 NUTS 3 regions, also known as provinces in Turkey. These components are examined in three main axes in the context of human agency, institutions, and spaces. Secondary data obtained from public institutions, primarily the Turkish Patent and Trademark Office, are used in the statistical and spatial analyses. Variables affecting patent and utility model registrations in 81 provinces in Turkey for 2019 are analyzed via SPSS and ArcGIS Pro software. The key components that positively affect innovation output in Turkish provinces are innovative sector and R&D employment, R&D expenditures, OIDs, R&D centers, economic development level, population density, and newly opened innovative enterprises. Local models created with components that positively affect regional innovation show that geographical location has a varying effect on innovation outputs, specific to the provinces of Turkey. This research proposes the development of regional innovation policies in Turkey as a result of the analysis of local dynamics through both global and local models, based on the forms of production in the regions, the technology and R&D intensities of the sectors, with the recognition of the direct relationship of innovation outputs with production and space. This thesis aims to contribute to the discussions in regional innovation and development in Turkey.


The role of local and global networking for tourism firms and clusters : the case of Antalya
Erkuş Öztürk, Hilal; Eraydın, Ayda; Department of City and Regional Planning (2008)
The aim of this thesis is to explore the role of local and global networking, institutionalization and institutional thickness of tourism firms and clusters in order to explain their contribution to tourism development. Recent development literature emphasizes the crucial role of different level of networks, institutionalizations and clustering in the development of regions. In this respect, this thesis tries to explore the role of networks, new organizational set-ups and clustering by adapting them to tour...
Determinants of subcontracting and kegional development: An empirical study on Turkish textile and engineering industries
Taymaz, Erol (2005-07-01)
Recent studies on small- and medium-sized Turkish textile and engineering industries, development establishments emphasize the importance of networking and regional clusters for (regional) industrial development. This study is focused on an important form of cooperation between firms: the subcontracting relationship. The aim is to identify the determinants of subcontracting in Turkish textile and engineering industries and to derive policy implications from our empirical analysis. Subcontract offering and s...
Triple helix model and turkish rotary wing technology center
Tıraş, Merve; Erdil, Erkan; Durgut, Metin; Department of Science and Technology Policy Studies (2020-10-12)
A knowledge-based economy which focuses on the production and management of knowledge uses innovation as the main driver of the economic growth in order to be competitive in the global market. The triple helix model of innovation which is based on the interactions between government, university and industry creates an environment to foster knowledge-based economic development. The main objective of this thesis is to examine the success factors of UniversityIndustry-Government collaboration in Rotary Wi...
İÇİN, İREM; Erdil, Erkan; YALÇINER, UĞUR GÜRŞAD; Department of Science and Technology Policy Studies (2022-7-8)
Technoparks, as an area of innovation, are significant for the development of sustainability of the innovation of technology-based firms within it. Patents are the one of the factors that affect innovation performance of these firms. At this point, the main purpose of the thesis is revealing the actual impact of patent incentives on the innovation performance of technology-based firms. In order to measure the impact, the study field of the thesis is identified as the METU Technopark. The pioneering step of ...
A research on resilience of urban public spaces: the case of Güvenpark, Ankara
Tümer Ergün, Ece; Büyükcivelek, Ahmet Burak; Department of City Planning (2020-10-23)
Cities are constantly changing and developing within the framework of social, economic, technological and political contexts. Therefore, it is increasingly common to accept cities as dynamic and complex systems instead of predictable systems. The strong relationship between urban planning and resilience has found itself in many different areas in the literature, for example, flexible planning strategies have been proposed in the urban planning literature to combat chaotic processes and sudden changes. Altho...
Citation Formats
S. C. Varış, “Determinants of Regional Innovation in Turkish NUTS 3 Regions from the Spatial Dependence Perspective,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2021.