Determinants of Regional Innovation in Turkish NUTS 3 Regions from the Spatial Dependence Perspective

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2021-11-3
Varış, Sıla Ceren
Combining the existing knowledge in different ways, production, and absorption of the new knowledge, and transformation of all these into innovation in a region are the main driving forces of regional economic performance and connect the region with national and international economies. The relationship of innovation with space has been the subject of many disciplines as economics, regional science, and planning. Innovation is defined as the innovation outputs accepted as an indicator of the knowledge base in the region when the literature within the scope of this study is consulted. This research aims to reveal the key components that affect innovation outputs in 81 NUTS 3 regions, also known as provinces in Turkey. These components are examined in three main axes in the context of human agency, institutions, and spaces. Secondary data obtained from public institutions, primarily the Turkish Patent and Trademark Office, are used in the statistical and spatial analyses. Variables affecting patent and utility model registrations in 81 provinces in Turkey for 2019 are analyzed via SPSS and ArcGIS Pro software. The key components that positively affect innovation output in Turkish provinces are innovative sector and R&D employment, R&D expenditures, OIDs, R&D centers, economic development level, population density, and newly opened innovative enterprises. Local models created with components that positively affect regional innovation show that geographical location has a varying effect on innovation outputs, specific to the provinces of Turkey. This research proposes the development of regional innovation policies in Turkey as a result of the analysis of local dynamics through both global and local models, based on the forms of production in the regions, the technology and R&D intensities of the sectors, with the recognition of the direct relationship of innovation outputs with production and space. This thesis aims to contribute to the discussions in regional innovation and development in Turkey.

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Citation Formats
S. C. Varış, “Determinants of Regional Innovation in Turkish NUTS 3 Regions from the Spatial Dependence Perspective,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2021.