Variation in Genetic Relatedness Patterns among Co-burials in Anatolian Neolithic Societies

2021-06-01
Yaka, Reyhan
Mapelli, Igor
Kaptan, Damla
Doğu, Ayça
Chyleński, Maciej
Erdal, Ömür Dilek
Vural, Kıvılcım Başak
Bayliss, Alex
Koptekin, Dilek
Mazzucato, Camilla
Fer, Evrim
Lagerholm, Vendela Kempe
Krzewińska, Maja
Yurtman, Erinç
Çokoğlu, Sevim Seda
Gemici, Hasan Can
Kılınç, Gülşah Merve
Adams, Donovan
Munters, Arielle R.
Sağlıcan, Ekin
Milella, Marco
Schotsmans, Eline M.J.
Yorulmaz, Sevgi
Sevkar, Arda
Karamurat, Cansu
Altınışık, Nefize Ezgi
Juras, Anna
Bilgin, Cemal Can
Günther, Torsten
Storå, Jan
Jakobsson, Mattias
Kleijn, Maurice De
Mustafaoğlu, Gökhan
Fairbairn, Andrew
Pearson, Jessica
Togan, İnci
Kayacan, Nurcan
Marciniak, Arkadiusz
Larsen, Clark Spencer
Hodder, Ian
Atakuman, Çiğdem
Pilloud, Marin
Sürer, Elif
Gerritsen, Fokke
Özbal Gerrıtsen, Rana Deniz
Baird, Douglas
Erdal, Yılmaz Selim
Duru, Güneş
Özbaşaran, Mihriban
Haddow, Scott D.
Knüsel, Christopher J.
Götherström, Anders
Özer, Füsun
Somel, Mehmet
The Neolithic Transition to village life and food production first emerged in the Fertile Crescent (c.10th and early 9th millennium BCE) and fundamentally reshaped human history. Although this transition involved major changes in human lifestyle, the social organization and traditions of the earliest sedentary communities is poorly understood. Here, we investigate genetic relatedness patterns among co-buried individuals within domestic structures in Neolithic Anatolia by studying 22 newly generated ancient genomes from Aşıklı Höyük and Çatalhöyük and combining these with published genomes from other Anatolian Neolithic sites. We focus on the sites that span the early (Aşıklı Höyük and Boncuklu) and late Neolithic (Çatalhöyük and Barcın) to understand temporal variation in genetic relatedness patterns in association with burial location. During the early Neolithic period (late 9th and early 8th millennium BCE), represented by Aşıklı Höyük and Boncuklu, siblings and parent-offspring pairs are at relatively high frequency among co-burials. This suggests the existence of close genetic kinship components within the social organization of these settlements. In other settlements, such as the late Neolithic period (7th millennium BCE) Çatalhöyük and Barcın, the frequency of genetically close relatives among coburials is much lower. Despite the shortcomings of the small sample size, our results provide the first insights into the genetic kinship patterns between co-buried individuals, and how burial traditions of Neolithic societies in Anatolia varied among settlements, and may possibly have changed over time in conjunction with changing architecture, growing settlement size and cultural traditions.
9th International Symposium on Biomolecular Archaeology (ISBA9)

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Citation Formats
R. Yaka et al., “Variation in Genetic Relatedness Patterns among Co-burials in Anatolian Neolithic Societies,” presented at the 9th International Symposium on Biomolecular Archaeology (ISBA9), 2021, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: https://isba9.sciencesconf.org/data/pages/Abstract_Book_ISBA9_2022.pdf.