Ancient genomics in Neolithic Central Anatolia and Çatalhöyük

Yaka, Reyhan
Doğu, Ayça
Kaptan, Damla
Dağtaş, Nihan Dilşad
Chyleński, Maciej
Vural, Kıvılcım Başak
Altınışık, Nefize Ezgi
Mapelli, Igor
Koptekin, Dilek
Karamurat, Cansu
Gemici, Hasan Can
Yorulmaz, Sevgi
Lagerholm, Vendela Kempe
Fer, Evrim
Işıldak, Ulaş
Ghalichi, Ayshin
Kılınç, Gülşah Merve
Mazzucato, Camilla
Juras, Anna
Marciniak, Arkadiusz
Larsen, Clark S.
Pilloud, Marin
Haddow, Scott D.
Knüsel, Christopher J.
Togan, İnci
Götherström, Anders
Erdal, Yılmaz Selim
Sürer, Elif
Özer, Füsun
Atakuman, Çiğdem
Somel, Mehmet
Over multiple millennia, from the earliest traces of long-term occupation of camp sites (ca 20,000 BC) to the development of full-scale farming (ca 8000–6000 BC), the Neolithic transition in southwest Asia gradually shaped human societies in dramatic ways (Nadel 2002; Maher et al. 2012; Asouti, Fuller 2013). Here we present recent insights from ancient genomics studies into these societies while focusing on two questions: the population processes driving cultural change in Neolithic central Anatolia and genetic kinship among Çatalhöyük co-burials.


Archaeogenomic analysis of the first steps of Neolithization in Anatolia and the Aegean
Kilinc, Gulsah Merve; KOPTEKIN, Dilek; Atakuman, Çiğdem; SUMER, Arev Pelin; DONERTAS, Handan Melike; YAKA, Reyhan; Bilgin, Cemal Can; BÜYÜKKARAKAYA, ALİ METİN; Baird, Douglas; ALTINISIK, Ezgi; FLEGONTOV, Pavel; Gotherstrom, Anders; TOGAN, Inci; Somel, Mehmet (2017-11-29)
The Neolithic transition in west Eurasia occurred in two main steps: the gradual development of sedentism and plant cultivation in the Near East and the subsequent spread of Neolithic cultures into the Aegean and across Europe after 7000 cal BCE. Here, we use published ancient genomes to investigate gene flow events in west Eurasia during the Neolithic transition. We confirm that the Early Neolithic central Anatolians in the ninth millennium BCE were probably descendants of local hunter-gatherers, rather th...
Archaeogenomic analysis of population genetic relationships and kinship patterns in the sedentary societies from neolithic anatolia
Yaka, Reyhan; Somel, Mehmet; Özer, Füsun; Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics (2020-1-12)
The Neolithic way of life first emerged in the Fertile Crescent (c.10thand early 9thmillennium cal BCE) and quickly spread to neighbouring regionssuch as Central Anatoliaand Cyprus,and eventually further westwards. This transition involved to fundamental changes in human lifestyle,with the first emergence of villages during the early Neolithicandthe later the growing reliance on farming and herdingduring the late Neolithic periods. Changes in the social organization of sedentary communi...
Variation in Genetic Relatedness Patterns among Co-burials in Anatolian Neolithic Societies
Yaka, Reyhan; Mapelli, Igor; Kaptan, Damla; Doğu, Ayça; Chyleński, Maciej; Erdal, Ömür Dilek; Vural, Kıvılcım Başak; Bayliss, Alex; Koptekin, Dilek; Mazzucato, Camilla; Fer, Evrim; Lagerholm, Vendela Kempe; Krzewińska, Maja; Yurtman, Erinç; Çokoğlu, Sevim Seda; Gemici, Hasan Can; Kılınç, Gülşah Merve; Adams, Donovan; Munters, Arielle R.; (2021-06-01)
The Neolithic Transition to village life and food production first emerged in the Fertile Crescent (c.10th and early 9th millennium BCE) and fundamentally reshaped human history. Although this transition involved major changes in human lifestyle, the social organization and traditions of the earliest sedentary communities is poorly understood. Here, we investigate genetic relatedness patterns among co-buried individuals within domestic structures in Neolithic Anatolia by studying 22 newly generated ancient ...
Animal Exploitation at The Late Pleistocene- Holocene Transition in Upper Mesopotamia (10.900 – 7.700 CAL. BC) With A Focus on A Proposed Hunter-Gatherer Crisis
Torun, Ahmet Onur; Pişkin, Evangelia; Department of Settlement Archaeology (2021-6)
This study focuses on the archaeofaunal data from early prehistoric communities in Upper Mesopotamia (Euphrates, Tigris and Urfa regions) to understand whether the changing settlement pattern was interlinked with the changing climatic conditions. So far, many studies were undertaken on ecological data to understand the human subsistence strategies, but unfortunately, these studies focused on one settlement, one species of animals or one targeted question. In this study, environmental data on climate a...
Mobility and kinship in the world's first village societies
Pearson, Jessica; Evans, Jane; Lamb, Angela; Baird, Douglas; Hodder, Ian; Marciniak, Arkadiusz; Larsen, Clark Spencer; Knüsel, Christopher J.; Haddow, Scott D.; Pilloud, Marin A.; Bogaard, Amy; Fairbairn, Andrew; Plug, Jo-Hannah; Mazzucato, Camilla; Mustafaoğlu, Gökhan; Feldman, Michal; Somel, Mehmet; Fernández-Domínguez, Eva (2023-01-24)
Around 10,000 y ago in southwest Asia, the cessation of a mobile lifestyle and the emergence of the first village communities during the Neolithic marked a fundamental change in human history. The first communities were small (tens to hundreds of individuals) but remained semisedentary. So-called megasites appeared soon after, occupied by thousands of more sedentary inhabitants. Accompanying this shift, the material culture and ancient ecological data indicate profound changes in economic and social behavio...
Citation Formats
R. Yaka et al., Ancient genomics in Neolithic Central Anatolia and Çatalhöyük. 2021, p. 11.