RESTORATIVE ROLE OF PUBLIC MEMORIALS AND MEMORIALIZATION AFTER THE PERIODS OF VIOLENCE AND OPPRESSION: THE CASE OF TURKEY

2022-1
Gülsen Mutlu, Esin
The aim of this study is to examine the restorative role of public memorials in the aftermath of mass violence and the periods of oppression. The study is based on the assumption that mass violence and gross human rights violations committed in the past require a long process, and retributive and restorative justice measures to deal with the past. Memorialization initiatives and specifically public memorials may play an important restorative role to establish peaceful social relations, to restore the sense of justice, to recognize dignity of the victims, to create areas for healing and mourning, to educate the new generations about the past and to prevent recurrence of the past atrocities. Starting from that point, the study examines two cases from Turkey, namely Ulucanlar Prison Museum and debates and inititaives concerning transformation of Diyarbakır Military Prison into a museum, in the light of the literature, certain cases from the world and certain initiatives to deal with the past in Turkey. The answers for the questions regarding the initial assumptions were traced in the interviews made with the victims, representatives of the civil society organizations and actors involved in the debates and processes. The study explores to what extent and under which conditions public memorials may serve to the goals of dealing with the past and presents some suggestions for the further initiatives.

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Citation Formats
E. Gülsen Mutlu, “RESTORATIVE ROLE OF PUBLIC MEMORIALS AND MEMORIALIZATION AFTER THE PERIODS OF VIOLENCE AND OPPRESSION: THE CASE OF TURKEY,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2022.