AN ANALYSIS OF THE INTERCONNECTIONS BETWEEN FORMS OF OPPRESSION FROM AN ECOFEMINIST AND DECOLONIAL PERSPECTIVE

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2022-2-11
Kesikkulak, Umut
This thesis investigates the interconnections between forms of oppression and the role of oppression of nonhuman nature in these interconnections by implementing a conceptual and logical analysis of the oppressive subjectivity, which functions to create, maintain, and justify oppression. A close reading of the studies of ecofeminist philosophers Karen Warren and Val Plumwood will reveal that dualist thinking is the necessary condition for justifying the oppressor's superiority, which is essential to justify oppression, and providing certainty of the legitimacy of oppression. Straining through decolonial philosophers' discussions on the colonial self will shed light on the metaphysical and epistemological forces of the oppressor that explain and justify dualist thinking. Examining reason/nature and human/nature dualisms and dehumanization, a moral and logical strategy functioning in conceiving the other less than human or nonhuman, will clarify the role of oppression of nature between forms of oppression. The genesis and formation of reason/nature and human/nature dualisms in the Western rationalist and humanist tradition will be examined through the philosophies of Plato, Aristotle, and Descartes. As can be seen, in this tradition, the status of human-others, namely women, slaves, blacks, change in parallel with the image, the moral and ontological status of nature. Finally, an examination of ideal and non-ideal contract theories will show that the social contracts exclude nonhuman nature from the realm of morality and thus produce oppressive subjectivity. This alternative reading of contract theories will clarify the socialization of oppressive subjectivity, institutionalization of oppression, and interconnections between institutionalized forms of oppression.

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Citation Formats
U. Kesikkulak, “AN ANALYSIS OF THE INTERCONNECTIONS BETWEEN FORMS OF OPPRESSION FROM AN ECOFEMINIST AND DECOLONIAL PERSPECTIVE,” M.A. - Master of Arts, Middle East Technical University, 2022.